Two round cairns 450m south of Lower Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019779

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Apr-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round cairns 450m south of Lower Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Newton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 80808 91660

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two round cairns 450m south of Lower Farm have survived well. Significant information about the original form of the cairns, burials placed within them and the relationship with other monuments in the area will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the mounds.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two immediately adjacent round cairns situated on gently sloping ground overlooking Newton Dale on the southern slopes of the North York Moors. It is known from archaeological evidence that the southern flanks of the moors were extensively used in the prehistoric period for agricultural and ritual purposes. Remains of these activities survive today. Each of the cairns has a stony mound. These lie 0.5m apart. The eastern mound is 0.6m high and measures 10m in diameter. The western mound is 4m in diameter and 0.4m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34809

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 113-122

End of official listing