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Round cairn 620m south east of Challacombe Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 620m south east of Challacombe Cross

List entry Number: 1019998

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: North Bovey

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Dec-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34431

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite partial early excavation, the round cairn 620m south east of Challacombe Cross survives comparatively well and lies within a coaxial field system. Together these represent components of a well-preserved palimpsest on Shapley Common containing abundant evidence for the use of the area in both prehistoric and historic times. This cairn is one of a cluster of large cairns situated in a prominent position within this part of Dartmoor. It is considered that as a group they formed significant territorial markers.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the gentle north east facing slope of a prominent ridge overlooking the valley of the River Bovey on Shapley Common. The cairn forms part of a discrete cluster of mounds situated along this prominent ridge. This cairn includes a 7.3m diameter mound standing up to 1.1m high. In the centre of the cairn is a 2.7m diameter and 0.6m deep circular hollow which represents the site of a partial early excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 111

National Grid Reference: SX 69881 82583

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019998 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 05:52:20.

End of official listing