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Two long mortuary enclosures 570m east and 590m ENE of Sandford Barton

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two long mortuary enclosures 570m east and 590m ENE of Sandford Barton

List entry Number: 1020072

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: North Tawton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Dec-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34281

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long mortuary enclosures are oblong-shaped enclosures up to 150m in length, surrounded by narrow, fairly straight ditches with slightly rounded corners, containing an open space edged by a perimeter bank set within the ditch. Characteristically there are two or more major causeways across the ditch which served as entrances. Most long mortuary enclosures are orientated within 45 degrees of an east-west alignment. Long mortuary enclosures are generally associated with human burials dated to the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (c.3200-2500 BC). There are approximately 35 examples recorded in England. The greatest concentration lies in Essex and Suffolk, but there are also examples along the Thames and in Warwickshire along the Avon; two isolated examples have been recorded in Northumberland. Long mortuary enclosures are very rare nationally and all surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite reduction in the heights of their earthworks through cultivation, the long mortuary enclosures 570m east and 590m ENE of Sandford Barton will contain both archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which includes the cropmarks of two long mortuary enclosures, in two areas of protection, is located on a gently sloping ridge which forms the watershed to two tributaries of the River Yeo. To the south and east are further important ritual monuments in the form of bowl barrows and a henge; these are the subject of separate schedulings. The two long mortuary enclosures survive as cigar shaped enclosures surrounded by ditches. These enclosures measure up to approximately 70m long and 25m wide. They are both clearly visible from the air as cropmarks, and they are preserved as entirely buried features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS60SE52, (1992)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS60SE80, (1992)

National Grid Reference: SS 69539 01290, SS 69547 01412

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020072 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 04:40:02.

End of official listing