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Two bowl barrows 550m south west of Haydon House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 550m south west of Haydon House

List entry Number: 1020208

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Mendip

District Type: District Authority

Parish: St. Cuthbert Out

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Apr-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34868

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to the mounds from past quarrying, the two bowl barrows 550m south west of Haydon House will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows located on Horrington Hill, a long chalk promontory aligned broadly from north east to south west above West Horrington, at the eastern end of the Mendip Hills. The barrows, which are believed to be of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date are adjoined from north east to south west are situated on the summit of the hill towards its western end. The area in which the barrows are located has been considerably disturbed in the past by quarrying activity which has caused some disturbance to the surface of their mounds; and it is now difficult therefore to accurately survey the barrows at ground level. However, previous fieldwork has recorded the barrow mounds as each being approximately 13m in diameter and up to a maximum of 0.5m high. Aerial photographs show the mounds to be surrounded by a single continuous ditch from which material would have been quarried during their construction. Although not now visible at ground level, this ditch survives as a buried feature about 1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, (1971), 117
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, (1971), 117
Tratman, E K, 'Proc Univ Bristol Spel Soc' in Fieldwork, (1938)
Tratman, E K, 'Proc Univ Bristol Spel Soc' in Fieldwork, (1938)

National Grid Reference: ST 57876 47893

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020208 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 12:17:54.

End of official listing