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Two round barrows 680m south west of Jingleby Tower

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two round barrows 680m south west of Jingleby Tower

List entry Number: 1020218

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Allerston

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Thornton-le-Dale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Mar-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Nov-2001

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 34685

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the two round barrows 680m south west of Jingleby Tower have survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mounds. The barrows are part of a group of four burial monuments, the other two of which are the subject of separate schedulings. Such clusters provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age. The parish boundary is important because of its stratigraphic relationship with the eastern round barrow.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two round barrows which are situated on level ground in Dalby Forest, on the central plateau of the Tabular Hills. Also included is part of a linear boundary which marks the boundary between the parishes of Thornton Dale and Allerston. The eastern barrow has a well-defined earth and stone mound which measures 18m in diameter and stands up to 1.3m high. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow in the centre of the mound. The western barrow lies 30m to the WSW. It has a well-defined earth and stone mound which measures 9m in diameter and stands up to 0.9m high. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow in the centre of the mound which extends to the west as a narrow trench. The parish boundary runs approximately north to south across the eastern side of the eastern barrow. The boundary has an earth and stone bank with a ditch on its west side and has an overall width of 6m. The ditch is 0.5m deep and the bank is 0.7m high, except on top of the barrow mound where the bank has a maximum height of 1.6m above the surrounding ground level and the ditch is only 0.3m deep. The barrows lie in an area which has many other prehistoric monuments, including further burials and the remains of prehistoric land division.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Spratt, D A, Linear Earthworks of the Tabular Hills: North East Yorkshire, (1989), 36-41
Winchester, A J L, The Harvest of the Hills, (2000), 26-51

National Grid Reference: SE 88346 88739

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020218 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 03:01:09.

End of official listing