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Length of Grim's Ditch 260m west of Brown Moor Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Length of Grim's Ditch 260m west of Brown Moor Farm

List entry Number: 1020350

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Leeds

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31514

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The West Yorkshire Grim's Ditch is a linear earthwork consisting of a substantial bank with a deep, rock-cut ditch on its east side. It lies to the east of Leeds, and the known remains extend northwards for approximately 3.5 km, from just north of the River Aire at Gamblethorpe Farm, Swillington, to Cock Beck on Whinmoor. Less definite evidence suggests that the earthwork survives further south to the River Aire, and north beyond Cock Beck. Grim's Ditch still survives in several places as a visible earthwork. The most likely context for the construction of Grim's Ditch has always been thought to be as a defence for the British kingdom of Elmet, and in particular its major centre, Leeds, against the advance of the Anglo-Saxons in the early 7th century AD. However, preliminary results from excavations of a section of Grim's Ditch at Colton suggest that the ditch was open during the Roman period. Both the bank and ditch can be seen for most of a 1.8 km stretch, extending from the A1-M1 link road at the south edge of Avenue Wood, Temple Newsam, to the A63 at Colton. Lengths of ditch are also visible at Gamblethorpe Farm, and at the base of a scarp south of Barrowby Road, Austhorpe. The remaining known course of Grim's Ditch is not a visible earthwork, but it has been located by means of excavation and geophysical survey. The size and extent of Grim's Ditch implies a considerable expenditure of time and labour, and also suggests a degree of social organisation at the time of its construction. All known lengths of Grim's Ditch, where significant archaeological deposits are likely to survive are considered to be nationally important.

Although the length of Grim's Ditch 260m west of Brown Moor Farm is now buried, geophysical survey in the area has enabled the course of Grim's Ditch to be confirmed. Significant remains of both the bank and ditch will survive as buried remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a length of the linear earthwork known as Grim's Ditch, at Austhorpe, 260m west of Brown Moor Farm. This part of Grim's Ditch is no longer visible as a surface feature but it was depicted as an earthwork on early Ordnance Survey maps. Its survival as a buried feature has been confirmed by geophysical survey. This has shown that a linear feature survives below ground along the line of the earthworks depicted on early maps to a point 103m north of the now disused colliery, where it appears to have a butt end. It is not known whether this is an original entrance, or reflects some later disturbance. It is also uncertain whether the feature showing on the survey is a ditch or the bank.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
WYAS, , Thorpe Park Austhorpe Leeds, (1997)

National Grid Reference: SE 37561 33827

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020350 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 01:29:48.

End of official listing