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Icehouse at Ringstead, 660m south west of Pit House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Icehouse at Ringstead, 660m south west of Pit House

List entry Number: 1020358

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Osmington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Nov-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29093

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Icehouses are subterranean structures designed specifically to store ice, usually removed in winter from ponds and used in the summer for preserving food and cooling drinks. Thousands of icehouses have been built in England since the early 17th century. These were initially built only by the upper level of society, but by the end of the 18th century they were commonplace. They continued to be built throughout the 19th century, when huge examples were established by the fishing industry, as well as for use in towns. Icehouses only became obsolete after the introduction of domestic refrigerators in the early 20th century. Of the thousands originally built, some 1500 icehouses have been positively identified through a combination of archaeological and documentary research. Although a relatively common class, most recorded examples with surviving remains will be considered to be of national interest and appropriate for consideration for either scheduling or listing. They are also generally regarded as a significant component of local distinctiveness and character.

The icehouse at Ringstead, 660m south west of Pit House, survives well and represents one of only two examples of this form known in Dorset. It is also unusual as it is one of the smallest examples known in the county and the only one known to have been situated in close proximity to the coast. The absence of a closely associated mansion indicates that this example was most likely designed to serve the needs of the local fishing community during the 19th century.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an icehouse situated on a west-facing slope immediately west of the medieval settlement remains of Rigstead, which are the subject of a separate scheduling. The icehouse, which occupies an artificial terrace cut into the hillside, has a flint-built chamber with maximum dimensions of 3m square. This chamber is covered by a mound composed of earth, stone and turf, with maximum dimensions of 9m from east to west, 12m from north to south and about 1.5m in height. Access to the chamber was provided by a door on the northern side, served by an external open-topped passage, aligned east-west, providing access to the stream to the west. The passage, which extends for 6m, occupies the northern end of the terrace. The truncated bank of the natural slope has been revetted on the northern side of the passage by a flint-built wall. At the eastern end of the passage an archway extends across linking the top of the icehouse mound with the natural slope to the north.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Penny, A, 'Proc Dorset Nat Hist Arch Soc' in Icehouses In Dorset, , Vol. Vol 86, (1963), 221

National Grid Reference: SY 74612 81593

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020358 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 12:49:37.

End of official listing