Animal pound 335m south west of Rudge Hall

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020659

Date first listed: 05-Jul-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Animal pound 335m south west of Rudge Hall
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Rudge

National Grid Reference: SO 81121 97536

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The term animal pound is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word `pund' meaning enclosure, and is used to describe stock-proof areas for confining stray or illegally pastured stock and legally-kept animals rounded up at certain times of the year from areas of common grazing. The earliest documentary references to pounds date from the 12th century, and they continued to be constructed and used throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods. Most surviving examples are likely to be less than three centuries old, and most will have fallen into disuse in the late 19th or early 20th century. Animal pounds are usually located in villages or towns though some lie in more open locations, particularly on the edge of old woodlands and commons. Construction methods vary according to the availability of building materials: stone, brick, fencing, iron railings and earthworks being used to enclose areas ranging from 4m by 6m to over 0.5ha. The walls are normally about 1.5m high, although greater heights are not uncommon as attempts to prevent poundbreach. In addition to stock control, animals were sometimes taken as a `distress' (seizure of property in lieu of debt or to enforce payment) and kept under the care of the pinder or hayward until redeemed. Pounds are usually unroofed and have a single entrance, although some have additional low entrances to allow the passage of sheep and pigs while retaining larger stock. Other features include rudimentary shelters for the pound-keeper, laid floors, drainage channels, troughs and internal partitions to separate the beasts. Animal pounds are widely distributed throughout England, with particular concentrations in the west and Midlands. About 250 examples are known to survive in fair condition, with perhaps another 150 examples recorded either as remains, or from documentary evidence alone. Pounds illustrate a specialised aspect of past social organisation and animal husbandry, and reflect the use and former appearance of the surrounding landscape. All examples surviving in good condition, particularly those supported by historical evidence for ownership and function, are considered worthy of protection.

The animal pound 335m south west of Rudge Hall survives well, and is a rare example of a type of agricultural structure that was once common in this region. The extant structural remains, together with the buried remains of the internal floor surface and associated features, such as post holes and drainage channels, will provide information about the construction of post-medieval animal pounds and about contemporary herding practices. As a prominant feature at a road junction, this pound continues to act as an important local landmark.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the standing structural and buried remains of an animal pound of probable 18th century date. It is situated on a slight rise at the intersection of roads that link the village of Pattingham and the neighbouring hamlets with the road between Bridgnorth and Wolverhampton. The animal pound is a circular stone walled enclosure, measuring 6.8m internally. The wall is about 0.4m wide and is constructed of irregularly coursed sandstone rubble, with flat sandstone coping stones, bonded with a lime mortar. In relation to the sloping ground on which it stands, the height of the wall increases from 1.05m at the east to 1.6m at the west. The entrance into the pound is at the north and is 1.7m wide. Parts of the wall, most especially around the entrance, were repaired in the late 20th century. The pound is Listed Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34919

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing