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Moated site at Astwood Court

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site at Astwood Court

List entry Number: 1020711

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Redditch

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Sep-1978

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Apr-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30019

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Astwood Court is a well-preserved example of a simple moat typical of many to be found in the area. The survival of a water- filled moat with limited recent disturbance will provide archaeological and environmental information. The survival of two other moated sites each within 1.5km of Astwood Court will provide the opportunity to consider the relationships between high status settlements in the region during the medieval period, and particularly to examine the arrangement of manorial complexes within the Royal Forest of Feckenham.



History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a small five-sided moated site located in a broad, low-lying, undulating valley, which lay within the jurisdiction of the medieval Royal Forest of Feckenham. The moated site measures approximately 125m east-west by 90m north-south, its island approximately 90m east-west by 60m north-south. The arms of the moat survive in good condition and are water-filled. They vary from 5m to 10m wide, being widest across the angles, and are 2m to 5m deep. The moat is spring fed from the north east and a culverted outlet passes under the road from the western angle of the moat.

A timber framed farmhouse, which is Listed Grade II and of largely 16th to 17th century construction, with a possible 15th century hall at its core, occupies the western portion of the moat island and is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included. The surface of the island is level with the surrounding ground, although the remains of an inner lip survive around the south eastern angle.

The timber framed farmhouse and its associated buildings, all modern foot bridges, the surfaces of garden paths, patios and driveways and all garden furniture and fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Worcester: Volume III, (1913)

National Grid Reference: SP 03102 62299

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020711 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 05:58:36.

End of official listing