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Two bowl barrows on Turner's Puddle Heath, 480m and 540m north east of Lawrence of Arabia's Cottage

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on Turner's Puddle Heath, 480m and 540m north east of Lawrence of Arabia's Cottage

List entry Number: 1020733

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Turners Puddle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Sep-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-2002

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35236

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance to the south eastern example, the two bowl barrows on Turner's Puddle Heath, 480m and 540m north east of Lawrence of Arabia's Cottage, survive well. They are known to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes two bowl barrows situated on a plateau on Turner's Puddle Heath, to the north east of Cloud's Hill. The barrows form part of a dispersed group of three similar monuments recorded by the Ordnance Survey in 1952. The southern of these has since been levelled and perhaps destroyed, and is not included within the scheduling. The north western of the two surviving barrows has a mound composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum dimensions of 22m in diameter and about 2m in height. The south eastern barrow has been partly truncated by the road to the south. It has maximum dimensions of 22m from east to west, by 12.5m from north to south and is about 1.5m in height. The mound is surmounted by a triangulation pillar. The mound has yielded a flint knife and dagger, both of Early Bronze Age form and which are now held at Dorset County Museum. These finds were made when a flagpole was inserted into the central area of the mound; the flagpole has since been removed. A salvage investigation of part of the barrow was made by Lt Col C D Drew during the construction of the road to the south in the spring of 1952. This retrieved a pollen sequence which suggested that the barrow was constructed after the clearance of woodland and the subsequent establishment of grass and heather. Each mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but each will survive as a buried feature about 2m wide, including that section beneath the road south of the south eastern barrow. All fence posts and the surface of the tarmac road to the south of the south eastern barrow are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 453
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 453-4
Piggott, S, Dimbleby, G, 'Proc Dorset Nat Hist Arch Soc' in A Bronze Age Barrow on Turner's Puddle Heath, , Vol. 75, (1953), 34-5

National Grid Reference: SY 82812 91120, SY 82905 91044

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020733 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 05:16:02.

End of official listing