Round cairn 230m west of Ridlees Cairn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021030

Date first listed: 06-Oct-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 230m west of Ridlees Cairn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Rochester

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

National Grid Reference: NT 84043 04258

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Inspite of the fact that its upper parts have been partially remodeled, the round cairn 230m west of Ridlees Cairn is reasonably well-preserved. The full extent of the structure remains in situ and will provide important information about the manner of its construction and the nature and length of its use. The round cairn is of particular importance as it is one of a group of large stone built cairns sited in prominent locations in the area. Taken together with these cairns and the remains of prehistoric settlements in the vicinity, it will inform our understanding of funerary practices and related aspects of prehistoric life at this time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of prehistoric date, situated on the top of a locally prominent knoll where it commands extensive, uninterrupted views in all directions. Ridlees Cairn is the subject of a separate scheduling. The cairn of earth and stone, measures 13m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 1m. A small two-roomed military shelter has been constructed over the eastern end of the cairn using loose cairn material.

The Ordnance Survey trig point situated on the south eastern perimeter of the cairn is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath this feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32789

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing