Cairnfield and enclosure 725m east of Cuckoo Rock

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021054

Date first listed: 08-Sep-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairnfield and enclosure 725m east of Cuckoo Rock
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 59122 68802

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Cairnfields are concentrations of three or more cairns sited within close proximity to one another; they may consist of burial cairns or cairns built with stone cleared from the land surface (clearance cairns). Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC) and consisted of earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The considerable variation in the size of cairnfields and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The cairnfield and enclosure 725m east of Cuckoo Rock survive well and together with nearby settlement sites, territorial boundaries and ceremonial monuments provide an important insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairnfield and enclosure situated on a gentle west facing slope of Eylesbarrow overlooking the valley of the Narrator Brook. The cairnfield includes at least nine circular and oval mounds varying between 0.4m and 0.8m high. The largest mound measures 5m long by 4m wide, whilst the smallest is 2.9m in diameter. Five of the mounds are arranged in a single line along the contour. The enclosure which incorporates two of the cairns in its circuit survives as a sub-rectangular area measuring 26m long by 24m wide defined by a 1m wide rubble bank standing up to 0.5m high. A 1m long, 0.25m thick and 0.7m high stone set through the southern bank may represent the site of an original entrance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34466

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (2002)

End of official listing