Round barrow 400m north east of Low Pasture Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1021097

Date first listed: 08-Sep-2003

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 400m north east of Low Pasture Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Lockton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 86637 90702

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow 400m north east of Low Pastures Farm has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow is situated in an area where there are other burial monuments as well as the remains of prehistoric land division. The association with similar monuments offers important scope for the study of the distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which is situated in a prominent position on a gentle south east facing slope, towards the northern edge of the Tabular Hills.

The barrow has an earthen mound which stands up to 0.6m high. Over the years the mound has become spread by ploughing so that it now has a diameter of 27m. A narrow trench was excavated across the barrow in 1933-34 and this showed the construction of the barrow mound to have included an internal circle of stone rubble. Two graves were found cut into the natural rock beneath the barrow mound, but only a few fragments of bone were recovered since the centre of the mound had previously been part-excavated in antiquity, when it is thought that the graves were emptied.

The fence posts along the eastern edge of the barrow mound and the surface of the farm track to the east are excluded from the scheduling, although, the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35451

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 132
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
Harland, (1934)

End of official listing