MERCHANT SEAMENS MEMORIAL

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1031597
Date first listed:
15-Apr-1998
Statutory Address:
MERCHANT SEAMENS MEMORIAL, TRINITY SQUARE EC3

Map

Ordnance survey map of MERCHANT SEAMENS MEMORIAL
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Location

Statutory Address:
MERCHANT SEAMENS MEMORIAL, TRINITY SQUARE EC3

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Greater London Authority
District:
Tower Hamlets (London Borough)
Parish:
Non Civil Parish
National Grid Reference:
TQ3349680752

Details

TQ 3380 TRINITY SQUARE, EC3

788/21/10071 Merchant Seamen's Memorial

GV II*

Second World War memorial. 1952-5 to the designs of Edward Maufe for the Imperial War Graves Commission, as a complement to the adjoining First World War memorial by Lutyens unveiled in 1928 (already listed). The sculptor was Charles Wheeler. Portland stone walls set with bronze panels recalling the names of those who have no grave but the sea. The 8ft walls set in a sunken garden, lined with bronze panels on their inner face and at spaced intervals set with seven stone sculptured allegorical figures representing the seven seas. At the centre of this garden, mainly lawn, is a 'pool' of bronze engraved as a Mariners' compass and set to magnetic north. Around its edge stone paviours and oak seats form part of the composition. Steps ascend to the earlier war memorial, between pylons carved with above life-size figures of an officer and seaman of the merchant service. Between these and the 1914-18 memorial a stone of remembrance on a stepped plinth. Dedicatory inscription to 'The Twenty-four Thousand of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets whose names are honoured on the Walls of this Garden, gave their lives for their Country and have no grave but the sea'. The Tower Hill Memorial commemorates all merchant seamen who served in ships registered in ports of the British commonwealth or in ships on charter to these governments, who lost their lives as a result of enemy action and who have no known grave. 23,765 men are commemorated, including 80 pilots and lighthousemen and 832 fishermen. Its scale contrasted with that of the First World War memorial demonstrates the crucial role played by the merchant navy in 1939-45. Maufe was commissioned to produce a design that related to the earlier memorial and to the setting of Trinity House (listed in the City of London), and this was successfully achieved. The memorial was unveiled by Her Majesty the Queen on 5 November 1955.

(The Builder: 25 January 1952: 144; The Builder: 4 November 1955: 764)

Listing NGR: TQ3349680752



This List entry has been amended to add sources for War Memorials Online and the War Memorials Register. These sources were not used in the compilation of this List entry but are added here as a guide for further reading, 17 February 2017.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
469109
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
'The Builder' in 25 January, (1952), 144
'The Builder' in 4 November, (1955), 764
Websites
War Memorials Online, accessed 17 February 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/125358
War Memorials Register, accessed 17 February 2017 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/12636

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 31 Oct 2006
Reference: IOE01/15771/28
Rights: Copyright IoE Miss Patricia Philpott. Source Historic England Archive
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