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CLARENCE HOUSE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: CLARENCE HOUSE

List entry Number: 1052276

Location

CLARENCE HOUSE, 140, HIGH STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Tewkesbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 04-Mar-1952

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Apr-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 376847

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TEWKESBURY

SO8932 HIGH STREET 859-1/6/265 (East side) 04/03/52 No.140 Clarence House (Formerly Listed as: HIGH STREET (East side) No.140 (Clarence House) and No.141)

GV II*

House in row, with shop. Early C16, refronted c1650, and raised late C17; interior remodelled in C17, mainly c1650. Close-stud timber-framing, plaster infill, tile roof, brick stacks. PLAN: A front with jettied stages lies well forward from the original side-entry right-angle plan front range, the top floor having a flat roof and deep bracket eaves; the long rear wing is gabled, with C20 extensions at ground floor level. The central well staircase is fronted by a full-width main room, with a narrower wing beyond. EXTERIOR: 4 storeys and basement. The top floor has a central 2-light casement flanked by horizontal elliptical bulls-eyes with a central mullion, and 4 keys. At first and second floors the windows run the full width of the front, with a central canted oriel, 10 lights in all, with a transom but 3 mullions have been removed from the first-floor central lower lights. The plate-glass C19 shop front has fluted pilasters, and a deep-recessed central doorway. All the framing members have sunk panel enrichment, some including a trefoil head, and the window members are all moulded. The bressumers above first and second floors are moulded, and there are shaped jetty-brackets. The top eaves soffit has long scrolled brackets and a moulded cornice, and the returns have a carved bracket and wall decoration. The brick stack is to the left party wall, at the beginning of the high gable. INTERIOR: The ground-floor shop has very large posts to the front, but the bressumer is concealed. There are 4 bays on varied posts and beams; one has an ovolo-moulded post and a chamfered and stopped beam. The basement is not accessible. The first-floor front room has a very fine mid C17 4-compartment ceiling with high relief decoration of a wreath with rosettes, and winged cherub-heads to the spandrels. A broad beam has egg-and-dart and palmette enrichment, carried round the periphery of the room and into the central oriel. The window members are ovolo-moulded, and early catches remain. The fireplace, in the party wall to the left, is late C19. The rear room has a prominent cruck-like corner post, and a cambered central beam. The tight well C17 stair, in stripped hardwood, has a large moulded solid string, square newels with ball finials, bold turned balusters and heavy handrail; there is a wall-rail swept round the well. The second-floor front has a massive central transverse beam with sunk soffits, all plastered and with cornice mould. The third floor has a very large plain transverse beam, with a cruck-like prop, and there are 2 blocked lights, one of these with an ovolo-moulded transom. A rear attic room has one large rough purlin, and light wind-bracing. There are various frame members throughout the building; one large tie-beam has been cut into to allow access to an upper level. The mid C17 refronting has strong similarities to that at No.132 (qv). A very fine merchant's house, the mid C17 remodelling including some notable features such as the rare surviving plasterwork to the first-floor main chamber. (VCH: Gloucestershire: London: 1968-: 130; Buildings of England: Verey D: Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean: London: 1970-: 377).

Listing NGR: SO8931032762

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Page, W, The Victoria History of the County of Gloucester, (1968), 130
Verey, D , The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire 2 The Vale and The Forest of Dean, (1970), 377

National Grid Reference: SO 89310 32762

Map

Map
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End of official listing