Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

West Oxfordshire (District Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SP 36391 26437


HEYTHROP HEYTHROP PARK SP32NE 5/85 National Westminster Bank 27/08/57 Staff College - Main House (Formerly listed as Heythrop House (College of St. Robert Bellarmine))


Country house (main range). Circa 1705 by Thomas Archer for Charles Talbot, first Duke of Shrewsbury; gutted by fire 1831; restored and partly rebuilt 1871 by Alfred Waterhouse for Albert Brassey. Limestone ashlar; Welsh-slate roofs with ashlar stacks. Double-courtyard plan, partly infilled. Baroque style. 2 storeys plus concealed attic on a semi-basement. Symmetrical entrance front has bay divisions of 2:2:3:2:2 with the end sections breaking forward and the centre recessed behind a projecting portico; a grand order of Corinthian pilasters and columns, rising from a rusticated basement, supports a deep entablature incorporating consoles on the projecting sections and modillions on the recessed bays. Roof has a high balustraded parapet. Windows have elaborate eared and shouldered stone architraves, at ground floor with straight entablatures but at first floor with large double-stepped keyblocks, and the return walls of the central recess have architraved niches to both floors. Central doorway has a fine perspective doorcase with a concave entablature carried on scrolls and supporting a large stone trophy of arms. Carved panels within the first-floor windows are the only C19 alteration. Broad steps to portico are flanked by walls terminating in panelled pedestals carrying large C19 iron lamp standards. Garden front has similar 2-bay projections flanking a 9-bay central section, which is unornamented save for horizontal rustication and the Doric doorcase; the basement of the central section is in plain ashlar but has architraved windows with scrolled pediments. The balustraded double stair rises over an arched recess with vermiculated voussoirs. 9-window return fronts break forward in the middle 5 bays between rusticated quoin strips and have architraved windows, at first floor with keyblocks, but the north front also has horizontal and vertical bands between the windows, and the central window has an inverted pediment on tapering pilasters. Interior: C19 arcaded 2-storey hall in Baroque style has a large fireplace and clerestory windows with figures of Faith, Hope and Charity by Morris and Co; the stone staircase rises behind the lower arcade. Principal's Lounge and Charlbury Room have heavy C19 panelling, fireplaces and coffered ceilings, the doors with ebony mouldings on mahogany and walnut. Wedgwood Room has an Adam-style ceiling and a white marble fireplace inset with 5 Classical Wedgwood panels and with Oriental porcelain panels in the splays. Bar has a marble fireplace with Tuscan columns and a central relief of a child leading a lion. Heythrop Room has a vaulted ceiling and a small fireplace inlaid with coloured marble. The original design may have been influenced by a scheme of Paolo Falconieri and includes details from Italian sources; it was executed by Francis Smith of Warwick. Heythrop is Archer's most important country house. (Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: pp647-9; VCH: Oxfordshire: Vol XI, p135; Country Life: 1905: Vol 18, pp270-6) -

Listing NGR: SP3639126437


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Sherwood, J, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, (1974), 647-9
Salzman, L F, The Victoria History of the County of Oxford, (1983), 135
'Country Life' in Country Life, (1905)
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 34 Oxfordshire


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 02 Feb 2005
Reference: IOE01/13477/03
Rights: Copyright IoE Mrs Sarah L McKenna. Source Historic England Archive
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