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CRAWLEY TOWER WITH COTTAGE INSIDE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: CRAWLEY TOWER WITH COTTAGE INSIDE

List entry Number: 1057698

Location

CRAWLEY TOWER WITH COTTAGE INSIDE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Hedgeley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 25-Aug-1987

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 236575

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

HEDGELEY CRAWLEY NU 01 NE 4/230 Crawley Tower, with cottage inside II*

Remains of towerhouse or tower solar. Early C14, with C18 cottage built inside when the ruins were altered to form an eyecatcher on the Shawdon Estate.

Massive squared stone; cottage rubble with Welsh slate roof. Rectangular plan, 15.2 x 11.2 metres externally; wall toothings indicate former structure to the north-east. L-plan cottage built against interior of south and west walls.

South elevation shows renewed door in C18 opening with small casement window in modified loop to left. lst-floor casement in blocked doorway opening of uncertain date, and 2 original windows at higher levels, each of 2 chamfered lancet lights, mullions now missing. Irregular stepped C18 parapet. West elevation shows remains of another early 2-light window above 2 later windows; C18 embattled parapet.

North elevation shows 2-storey pent-roofed cottage inside tower, with various casement and sash windows; above cottage roof, in south wall, is a segmental rear arch, with window seats, of upper 2-light window. Remaining parts of tower east and north walls have C18 crowstepped coping. Cottage has pent single-storey part on exterior of north tower wall, with adjacent outbuilding.

Interior of cottage not seen; tower walls 2.6 metres thick, except on north where there was probably a mural stair.

Licence to crenellate was granted in 1343, but the architectural features probably pre-date this. Substantial earth works to the north suggest that the tower formed part of a strongly-fortified complex.

Northumberland County History XIV 408-10.

Adjacent cottages are not of special interest.

Listing NGR: NU0689116514

Selected Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Northumberland, (1940), 408-410

National Grid Reference: NU 06891 16514

Map

Map
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End of official listing