FOUNTAINS AND TERRACE WALLS WITH LAMPSTANDARDS, STEPS AND STONE BOLLARDS ENCLOSING THE SQUARE

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II*

List Entry Number: 1066235

Date first listed: 05-Feb-1970

Statutory Address: FOUNTAINS AND TERRACE WALLS WITH LAMPSTANDARDS, STEPS AND STONE BOLLARDS ENCLOSING THE SQUARE, TRAFALGAR SQUARE WC2

Map

Ordnance survey map of FOUNTAINS AND TERRACE WALLS WITH LAMPSTANDARDS, STEPS AND STONE BOLLARDS ENCLOSING THE SQUARE
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Location

Statutory Address: FOUNTAINS AND TERRACE WALLS WITH LAMPSTANDARDS, STEPS AND STONE BOLLARDS ENCLOSING THE SQUARE, TRAFALGAR SQUARE WC2

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: City of Westminster (London Borough)

National Grid Reference: TQ 30059 80461

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TQ 2980 SE and 3080 SW and NW CITY OF WESTMINSTER TRAFALGAR SQUARE, WC2 72/149;82/21; ; 83/12 Fountains and Terrace Walls 5.2.70 with Lampstandards, steps and stone bollards enclosing the Square G.V. II* Walls, steps and bollards enclosing the open space of the square and its 2 fountains. 1840, by Sir Charles Barry as a formal setting for Nelson's Column, the actual fountains remodelled 1939 to the designs of Sir Edwin Lutyens with sculpture by Sir Charles Wheeler and W McMillan. Granite with bronze lampstandards and sculpture. Barry defined and levelled the oblong open space of the square with heavy granite retaining terrace-walls on 3 sides with steps and statue pedestals in the north-east and north-west corners and a "screen" of massive granite bollards across the level south side linking with the base of Nelson's Column. Plinth base to walls and heavy, segmental roll-lipped coping; the south ends of the east and west flanks terminate in tall circular pedestals surmounted by polygonal bronze lanterns, that to east serving as a police post. Set into the north terrace wall, below the balustraded parapet, are bronze plates of the Imperial Standards of Length and against the wall busts of Admirals Jellicoe, Beatty and Cunningham by C. Wheeler and W. McMillan, 1948. The terrace walls are surmounted at intervals by bronze lampstandards with Nico lanterns, those flanking the head of the steps to the north being elaborated with the same polygonal lanterns as those on the southern terminal circular pedestals. The fountain basins, square in plan with large "apses" to each side also have deeply lipped granite retaining walls; the marble "vase" fountains by Lutyens and the bronze Mermen and Mermaid groups in the basins respectively by Wheeler and McMillan. Trafalgar Square, known as such from 1830, owes its town planning origin to an initial proposal of Nash's in 1811-12, fully elaborated and laid out as the major executed feature of Nash's Metropolitan - West Strand Improvements of 1824-26. Survey of London; Vol XX. John Nash; John Summerson.

Listing NGR: TQ3005880461

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 207255

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Summerson, J, The Life and Work of John Nash, (1980)
'Survey of London' in Trafalgar Square and neighbourhood The Parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields Part 3: Volume 20 , , Vol. 20, (1979)

End of official listing