FORT CUMBERLAND

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1104273
Date first listed:
30-Oct-1969
Statutory Address:
FORT CUMBERLAND, FORT CUMBERLAND ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of FORT CUMBERLAND
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Statutory Address:
FORT CUMBERLAND, FORT CUMBERLAND ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
City of Portsmouth (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SZ 68283 99138

Details

PORTSMOUTH

SZ69NE FORT CUMBERLAND ROAD, Eastney 774-1/6/160 Fort Cumberland 30/10/69

GV II*

Fort. 1746. By the Duke of Cumberland, reconstructed 1786 by the Duke of Richmond, some alterations and additions C19. Stone and brick. Originally built in the form of a 5 angled star, then reconstructed 1786 in its present form with wide pentagonal shaped rampart with 5 sharply angled bastions at each of the points, a dry moat and glacis and 1 ravelin. Ramparts are faced externally in stone with brick parapets and segmental arched gun ports behind which are deep tunnel-vaulted brick casemates covered with several feet of earth. HISTORY: the fort is a direct descendant of the bastioned fortress pioneered in Italy in late C15 and the last fortress to be built here marking the final development of this type of design in Britain. It is perhaps the best piece of C18 defensive architecture left in Britain. Scheduled Ancient Monument. (Balfour A: Portsmouth: London: 1970-: 22; Lloyd DW: Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs: Portsmouth: 1974-: 62; The Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Lloyd DW: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight: Harmondsworth: 1967-: 428).





Listing NGR: SZ6658898977

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
474589
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Balfour, A, Portsmouth, (1970), 22
Lloyd, D W , Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs, (1974), 62
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1967), 428

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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