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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1104273



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: City of Portsmouth

District Type: Unitary Authority


National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 30-Oct-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 474589

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



SZ69NE FORT CUMBERLAND ROAD, Eastney 774-1/6/160 Fort Cumberland 30/10/69


Fort. 1746. By the Duke of Cumberland, reconstructed 1786 by the Duke of Richmond, some alterations and additions C19. Stone and brick. Originally built in the form of a 5 angled star, then reconstructed 1786 in its present form with wide pentagonal shaped rampart with 5 sharply angled bastions at each of the points, a dry moat and glacis and 1 ravelin. Ramparts are faced externally in stone with brick parapets and segmental arched gun ports behind which are deep tunnel-vaulted brick casemates covered with several feet of earth. HISTORY: the fort is a direct descendant of the bastioned fortress pioneered in Italy in late C15 and the last fortress to be built here marking the final development of this type of design in Britain. It is perhaps the best piece of C18 defensive architecture left in Britain. Scheduled Ancient Monument. (Balfour A: Portsmouth: London: 1970-: 22; Lloyd DW: Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs: Portsmouth: 1974-: 62; The Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Lloyd DW: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight: Harmondsworth: 1967-: 428).

Listing NGR: SZ6658898977

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Balfour, A, Portsmouth, (1970), 22
Lloyd, D W , Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs, (1974), 62
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1967), 428

National Grid Reference: SZ 68283 99138


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End of official listing