GIBRALTAR MILL

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1106360
Date first listed:
21-Dec-1967
Date of most recent amendment:
17-May-1985
Statutory Address:
GIBRALTAR MILL, MILL ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of GIBRALTAR MILL
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Location

Statutory Address:
GIBRALTAR MILL, MILL ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Essex
District:
Braintree (District Authority)
Parish:
Great Bardfield
National Grid Reference:
TL 68004 30727

Details

TL 63 NE GREAT BARDFIELD MILL ROAD (north side)

3/195 Gibraltar Mill 21.12.67 (Formerly listed under Outlying Items) - II

Tower windmill, now a dwelling. Early C18, converted 1934. Plastered red brick, boarded cap. Built in 2 stages, originally octagonal to a height of 6.10 metres, later raised to 9.77 metres, reducing to a circular plan. Wall thickness 1.20 metres at the base. Single-storey domestic extension to NE, of plastered brick with shingled roof. 4 floors with C20 casements on each. Boat- shaped cap, stocks and skeleton sails, fantail gear without fantail. Height overall 13.44 metres. Farries finds the earliest documentary evidence of it in 1707, and concludes that it was built after the great storm of 1703, which destroyed many mills, as an experimental tower mill with exceptionally massive walls, completed soon after the sieges of Gibraltar, 1704-5. It was not successful commercially, and was converted to a cottage, with an inserted stack in the wall. It was converted back to a mill in 1754 and raised to its present height. It was derelict 1899-1904 after storm damage and was then equipped with the present fantail gear. It had one pair of stones. Some of the equipment remains in situ. (K.G. Farries, Essex Windmills, Millers and Millwrights, vol. 3, 1984, 24-7). . .. . . .

Listing NGR: TL6800430727

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
115334
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Farries, K G, Essex Windmills Millers and Millwrights, (1984), 24-7

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 27 Mar 2002
Reference: IOE01/03520/10
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Paul Perry. Source Historic England Archive
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