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38-45, Bedford Street

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: 38-45, Bedford Street

List entry Number: 1113988

Location

38-45, Bedford Street

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Central Bedfordshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Woburn

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 16-Mar-1987

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 38201

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

SP 9433-9533 8/98

WOBURN BEDFORD STREET (West Side) Nos 16 to 45 (consecutive)

GV II Row of Bedford Estate cottages erected by the Seventh Duke of Bedford. Dated 1846. Reddish brown brick with dressings in a lighter red brick. C20 tile roofs.

Two storeyed row with road elevation in three sections. Central section consists of a pair of slightly projecting gables. Left hand section is in three bays, with gable to left hand and gablet to each of others. Right hand section, also in three bays, has gable to centre and gable to left hand. Ground floor has 3:2:3 three-light windows. First floor has 3:2:2 two-light windows and a narrow single light to centre. All are casements with glazing bars and wood mullions, under gauged brick flat heads. 2:2:2 doorways, all with flat heads and dripstones and containing doors of three vertical panels. Variety of multiple ridge stacks. Right hand angle of row is chamfered at ground floor level with ornamental stop.

The Seventh Duke of Bedford recognised the advantages of housing agricultural labourers in comfortable cottages. From the late 1840s onwards the emphasis in Bedford Estate cottage building was on the utilitarian rather than the Picturesque. The quality of construction of this humble type of dwelling is remarkably high for such an early date. The cottages can be seen as an influential contribution to the development of working class housing which culminated in garden cities and early council housing. The Dukes of Bedford built about 500 cottages in the locality between the late 1840s and World War I. This row of cottages is particularly good example of this early, deliberately plain type of building, and is similar to designs in the Seventh Duke's Plans and Elevations.

The (7th) Duke of Bedford: Plans and Elevations of cottages for Agricultural Labourers, London, 1850 (reprint of letter and plans sent 1849 to Earl of Chichester, President of Royal Agricultural Society); The (11th) Duke of Bedford: A great Agricultural Estate, being the Story of the Origin and Administration of Woburn and Thorney, London, 1897; Rev. C H Hartshorne; The System of building Labourers' Cottages pursued on the estate of His Grace the Duke of Bedford, nd but probably 1849.

Listing NGR: SP9486433299

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hartshorne, Reverend C H, The System of Building Labourers Cottages pursued on the Estates of his Grace the Duke of Bedford, (1849)
The 11th Duke of Bedford, , A Great Agricultural Estate being the Story of the Origin and Administration of Woburn and Thorney, (1897)
Other
The 7th Duke of Bedford, Plans and Elevations of Cottages for Agricultural Labourers, (1850)

National Grid Reference: SP 94864 33299

Map

Map
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End of official listing