24 and 26 New Street

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II

List Entry Number: 1122474

Date first listed: 29-Nov-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Nov-2012

Statutory Address: 24 and 26 New Street, Braintree, Essex, CM7 1ES

Map

Ordnance survey map of 24 and 26 New Street
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Location

Statutory Address: 24 and 26 New Street, Braintree, Essex, CM7 1ES

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Braintree (District Authority)

Parish: Non Civil Parish

National Grid Reference: TL7570622989

Summary

A former terraced house dating from the C17, now sub-divided into two separate units and converted for commercial use.

Reasons for Designation

Nos. 24 and 26 New Street, Braintree are designated at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historical interest: it is a timber-framed building of C17 origin, the fabric of which survives substantially intact. * Group Value: the building forms part of a terrace with No. 22 New Street which adjoins No.24 to the north and is also listed at Grade II.

History

Braintree lies in north Essex, approximately 40 miles north-east of London. It dates from the Roman occupation, and developed as a settlement at the junction of the two roads that were built, although it was later abandoned when the Romans left Britain.

Braintree was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1085 when it was called Branchetreu and consisted of 30 acres in the possession of Richard, son of Count Gilbert. The success of the town was due to its strategic importance in terms of communication and Braintree became a place for travellers and pilgrims to stay on their way to and from other important town, such as Bury St Edmunds and London. In 1190 it was granted a Market Charter, by the Bishop of London, to hold a weekly market and animal fayre. This in turn led to the establishment of smaller satellite villages nearby.

The town prospered from the C17 when Flemish immigrants made the town famous for its wool cloth trade, producing top quality cloth for the high-end market. The wool trade died out in the early 1800s and Braintree became a centre for silk manufacturing when George Courtauld opened a silk mill in the town. By the mid-C19, Braintree was a thriving agricultural and textile town, and benefitted from a railway connection to London. The town's historic connection with the wealthy Courtauld family can be seen through many of the town's public buildings such as the town hall and public gardens established in 1888.

In 1973 a terrace of three, part C17, part C18 timber-framed buildings, then numbered 12-16 New Street, was added to the statutory list as two separate cases, No.12 and Nos.14-16. During the 1980s, New Street was pedestrianised and a new block of 10 units was inserted into the existing row of buildings. The street was consequently re-numbered and the listed buildings were re-allocated new street numbers: No.12 became No.22 and Nos.14-16 became Nos.24-26.

Details

MATERIALS: the main materials are timber-framing with plaster infill, and render. Plain clay tiles cover the roofs.

PLAN: the building has a rectangular plan and is four bays wide and two storeys plus attic.

EXTERIOR: the north end is gabled, with a single casement window lighting the attic. There are double-hung sashes, with vertical glazing bars at first floor, and at ground floor there are entrance doors with architraves and small cornice hoods. Between the two doorways is a shallow bay window with cornice, which is supported on corbels, and a twin sash with small panes.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 113781

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Braintree District Council, , A Brief History of Essex

End of official listing