Heritage Category:
Listed Building
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Date first listed:
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Ordnance survey map of THE RETREAT HOSPITAL
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
St. Columb Major
National Grid Reference:
SW 91660 63776


ST COLUMB MAJOR ST COLUMB MAJOR SW 9063-9163 17/254 The Retreat Hospital - II

Workhouse, now hospital. Circa 1840, with some alterations and additions of C20. Coursed elvan stone rubble with granite dressings. Some granite ashlar. Slate roofs with lead rolls to hips and ridge; the roofs are hipped, with stacks with rendered shafts. Plan: The workhouse is arranged in 3 parallel ranges. The front range has a central gateway, with single storey wing to each side, containing warden's accommodation and offices. The main workhouse is the central range; this has a central polygonal tower, with entrance hall at ground floor and kitchen wing to rear. To right and left is a wing, containing a hall, one side for men and one for women, with a cross wing at the end of each side, for living and sleeping accommodation. The rear range is a long block of uncertain function, probably originally containing work rooms. The plan is in accord with the standard functions of a C19 workhouse, with some additions of C20 which do not obscure the original layout. Exterior: The front range is symmetrical single storey. The entrance is in a tall centrepiece, with pediment with large modillions, and has a round arch with voussoirs and rusticated jambs with imposts, and a fine pair of C19 cast iron gates with knob finials; round vault inside, with doors and windows. The wing to each side is of 2:3:2 bays, the central bays broken forward, with three 12-pane sashes with voussoirs and keystones. Outer bays have similar 12-pane sashes. One window to left and right replaced by C20 door. At the rear, there sre hipped dormers with 16-pane, sashes, most ground floor windows are C20 replacements. The main central range has a central octagonal 3-storey tower, with 6-bay wing to right and left, and a cross wing at the end of each wing. The front centre is canted with 1:3:1 bays, all windows are 12-pane sashes with keystones, central 4-panelled door with overlight and cornice. The windows at second floor are round-arched sashes with radial glazing bars. Pediment over with large modillions. Stack to right and left and similar pediment at the sides and rear. The side wings are 2-storey, with some original 16-pane lights remaining, with keystones at first floor, some C20 replacements. The ground floor windows are 15-pane sashes with keystones, some replaced by half-glazed C20 doors. The cross wings each have one bay to front and rear, with similar windows. C20 L-plan wings attached to front. The outer sides of the cross wings have C20 replacement sashes and doors. To rear right is a single storey porter's lodge, with 2 doors and one window; this has been raised in height, and attached to the right-hand cross wing. The rear of the main range has the central tower with 12-pane lights with keystones at first floqr and round arched sashes at second floor, as on front; central window blind. Attached to rear centre is the single storey kitchen, with raised hipped roof with a glazed clerestorey, and C20 additions to each side. The wings to right and left have sashes at ground and first floor as on front, with a C20 2-storey addition to right and left. Single storey C20 addition to the cross wing to right. The rear range is 2-storey, a nearly symmetrical front with 4 bays to centre and a single storey 4-bay wing to right and left. The central 4 bays have single storey canted bay to right and left with sashes, C20 door and sash between; first floor has paired sash to right and left and 2 central sashes. One bay set back to left-and 2 to right, both 2-storey with sashes. The single storey wings to right and left have 3 small gables over tall sashes and C20 doors. Interior: Much altered in C20 for hospital use. In the main range, the central polygonal block has a staircase at each side; food would have been prepared in the kitchens and brought through the entrance hall to each dining hall, with living accommodation at the end.

Listing NGR: SW9166063776


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This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 26 Aug 2004
Reference: IOE01/12121/27
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Ivor Corkell. Source Historic England Archive
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