THE MAUSOLEUM AND BASTION WALL WITH GATES AND RAILINGS

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1149010

Date first listed: 25-Jan-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Jun-1987

Statutory Address: THE MAUSOLEUM AND BASTION WALL WITH GATES AND RAILINGS, KIRK HILL

Map

Ordnance survey map of THE MAUSOLEUM AND BASTION WALL WITH GATES AND RAILINGS
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address: THE MAUSOLEUM AND BASTION WALL WITH GATES AND RAILINGS, KIRK HILL

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Henderskelfe

National Grid Reference: SE 72739 69630

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

HENDERSKELFE KIRK HILL SE 76 NW Castle Howard 7/44 The Mausoleum and bastion wall with gates and railings 25.1.54 (formerly listed as the Mausoleum including substructure) GV I Mausoleum and bastion wall. Designed 1726-29 and modelled on Tomb of Metella by Nicholas Hawksmoor for Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle; built 1729-42 under the supervision of William Etty, Clerk of Works, with additional flight of steps and bastion wall by Daniel Garrett; interior carving by Charles Mitley. Sandstone ashlar with lead roof and wrought-iron gates and railings. Circular peripteral mortuary chapel on square plinth containing burial crypt, surrounded by square bastion wall. 3-storey cella with colonnade to second storey. Entrance to crypt on rusticated north-east facade: ornamental iron gate beneath channelled lintel with massive keystone, flanked by broad ashlar pilasters and double flight of steps with damaged column-on-vase balustrade leading to piano nobile. Moulded plinth carries 20-column Doric peristyle and entablature. Entrance to cella: 6- fielded-panel door in moulded architrave with pulvinated frieze beneath canopy held on moulded corbels. Similar blind entrances to each quarter, divided by niches with continuous moulded impost band. Moulded first-floor band. Above entrances are round-headed 35-pane unequal sashes with radial glazing to heads, in pilastered architraves with keyed hoods, divided by niches echoing those below. Blind square openings in moulded architraves above. Above peristyle entablature, cella has eight 20-pane sashes in eared architraves separated by lead downpipes. Moulded cornice, blocking course and domed roof. Bastion wall: squared rusticated projections with Greek key frieze to angles and in pairs to each facade, separated by ashlar semicircular projections and rusticated broad pilasters with Greek key friezes. Scroll-decorated gates, semicircular on plan, to centre of north- east facade, flanked by lancet railings which surmount wall and first pilaster to either side. Interior: vaulted crypt contains 63 catacombs. Cella has Corinthian columns on high plinths recessed into the walls and carrying a rich entablature. Coffered ceiling. Horace Walpole wrote of this fine building that it "would tempt one to be buried alive". Howard G, Castle Howard Guidebook, 1972. Hussey C, English Gardens and Landscapes 1700-1750, 1967. Lees-Milner, English Country House: Baroque 1685-1715, 1970. Pevsner N, Yorkshire: The North Riding, 1966. HBMC, Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England, Part 32, North Yorkshire: Castle Howard, Grade I.

Listing NGR: SE7273969630

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 329000

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Howard, G, Castle Howard Guidebook, (1972)
Hussey, C, English Gardens and Landscapes 1700-1750, (1967)
Milne, J L, English Country Houses Baroque 1685-1715, (1970)
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Yorkshire: The North Riding, (1966)
Other
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 32 North Yorkshire,

End of official listing