CHAPEL OF THE HOSPITAL OF ST MARY MAGDALENE

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1150194
Date first listed:
27-May-1949
Date of most recent amendment:
19-Mar-1984
Statutory Address:
CHAPEL OF THE HOSPITAL OF ST MARY MAGDALENE, MAGDALEN'S ROAD

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
CHAPEL OF THE HOSPITAL OF ST MARY MAGDALENE, MAGDALEN'S ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
North Yorkshire
District:
Harrogate (District Authority)
Parish:
Ripon
National Grid Reference:
SE 31726 71779

Details

SE 3171 RIPON MAGDALEN'S ROAD 1/23 (east side) 27.5.49

Chapel of the Hospital of St Mary Magdalene [formerly listed as Hospital of St Mary Magdalene, Stonebridgegate (Chapel)]

I

Hospital founded by Archbishop Thurstan (Archbishop 1114-40), and the chapel must date from shortly after the foundation. South doorway C12. Otherwise substantially C15. Hammer-dressed limestone. Low-pitched roof with parapets; finial on east gable; bellcote on west gable. Low side window on south site. Four-light Perpendicular east window.

Interior has very good furnishings, including C15 screen, mediaeval stone altar, mediaeval tesselated pavement, and C17 communion rail with turned balusters.

History. The Hospital of St Mary Magdalene is slightly younger than that of St John, but this chapel is the only complete fragment of any of Ripon's mediaeval hospitals to survive from the time of its foundation. It had sisters and a priest, whose duties were to feed and shelter lepers, maintain blind priests born in Ripon, and give alms to the poor.

Subsequent Archbishops provided it with brothers also, and a master; and in 1295 Archbishop Romanus decided that the master had to be a resident prebendary of the College. Subsequently the mastership was held by Abbot Marmaduke Bradley, the last Abbot of Fountains, who ended his days as a prebendary of Ripon. In 1544-45 it was re-organised as an Almshouse by Archbishop Lee; and when James I re-founded the college in 1604 its mastership (together with that of St John) was annexed to the new foundation as a perpetual gift. From the late C17 the masterships of the 2 hospitals were amalgamated in the office of Dean of Ripon.

In this period, when the mastership was a sinecure, the Hospital had some notable masters, including John Vramhall (later Archbishop of Armagh) (Master 1625-34), his successor Dr John Williams (Cromwell's brother-in-law, Bishop of Chester, and co-founder of the Royal Society), and in the C18, Heneage Dering, reputed to be the richest cleric in England.

As a result of the Charity Commissioners' Report of 1820, the 2 hospitals' estates were re-organised in 1864, enabling the premises to be rebuilt.

The Valor Ecclesiasticus (1535) reveals that the master (Marmaduke Bradley) had a "mansion house", garden and orchard. The Charity Commissioners in 1820 describe apartments for 6 sisters and a chapel across the street. There is no mention of the hospital buildings in either case, but it is known that there had been a separate leper house, demolished shortly before 1352 for lack of patients.

Listing NGR: SE3172871780

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
330124
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 28 Aug 2001
Reference: IOE01/05280/14
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Chris Broadribb. Source Historic England Archive
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