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OBELISK TO LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: OBELISK TO LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU

List entry Number: 1151068

Location

OBELISK TO LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU, WENTWORTH CASTLE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Barnsley

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Stainborough

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 18-Mar-1968

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 333923

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

STAINBOROUGH WENTWORTH CASTLE SE30SW 1/48 Obelisk to Lady Mary Wortley-Montagu 18.3.68 GV II Obelisk. 1747, erected by the Second Earl of Strafford. Ashlar sandstone. Plinth. Moulded base and cornice to square die with badly-weathered inscription on marble panel, the inscription now recorded on C20 inset ashlar slab. Obelisk with pyramidal cap. Inscription reads:

'TO THE MEMORY / of the Rt. Hon. Lady / Mary Wortley Montagu / who in the Year 1720 / Introduced Inoculation / of the Small Pox into / England from Turkey / S... 17..'

Closes the vista of Broad Avenue seen to the west from the Palladian front of Wentworth Castle; known as the Sun Monument since it is said to have had a bronze bowl finial to reflect the sun's rays to Wortley Hall and the Wortleys' lodge on Wharncliffe Crag.

Lady Mary introduced the small pox innoculation after her return from Constantinople in 1718; she was an early pioneer in the work which did not become general until Janner's discoveries of the early Cl9 and compulsory innoculation in 1853.

Concise Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford), pp. 688, 891.

Listing NGR: SE3171002987

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Concise Dictionary of National Biography, (1939), 688,891
Other
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 37 South Yorkshire,

National Grid Reference: SE 31710 02987

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing