NUMBERS 40 TO 45 AND DETACHED OUTHOUSES

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II

List Entry Number: 1157893

Date first listed: 22-Jan-1986

Statutory Address: NUMBERS 40 TO 45 AND DETACHED OUTHOUSES, 40-45, TURNPIKE ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of NUMBERS 40 TO 45 AND DETACHED OUTHOUSES
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Statutory Address: NUMBERS 40 TO 45 AND DETACHED OUTHOUSES, 40-45, TURNPIKE ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Husborne Crawley

National Grid Reference: SP 95938 35588

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

HUSBORNE CRAWLEY TURNPIKE ROAD SP 9535 12/43 Nos 40 to 45 (consecutive) and detacned outnouses 22.1.86 GV II

Row of Bedford Estate cottages erected by the 7th Duke. Dated 1854. Red brick laid in rat-trap bond. C20 tile roofs. Symmetrical one storey and attics block. 6-bay facade, central and outer bays gabled. 2nd and 5th bays with gablets. Ground floor has 2 3-light windows flanking 4 2-light windows. Attic has 6 2-light windows. All are cast iron lattice casements under slightly cambered heads. 4 doorways, all surmounted by gabled hoods with curved brackets and drop finials. Nos 40 and 45 have porches to side elevations. Red brick multiple chimney stacks.

The 7th Duke of Bedford recognised the advantages of housing agricultural labourers in comfortable dwellings. From the late 1840's onwards the emphasis in Bedford Estate cottage building was on the utilitarian rather than the Picturesque. The cottages are remarkable for the high quality of construction at such an early date. They represent an influential contribution to the development of working class housing which culminated in the garden cities and early council housing. The Dukes of Bedford built about 500 cottages in the locality between the 1840's and World War I. This block typifies the plain but substantial dwellings of the earliest phase in this building programme, and is similar to designs in the 7th Duke's Plans and Elevations. The brickwork is an interesting example of early cavity walling (cf. note by Charles Hacker in above work). This block is part of an important linear grouping of estate cottages along a road which forms part of the boundary of Woburn Park and is included for group value.

The (7th) Duke of Bedford:Plans and Elevations of Cottages for Agricultural Labourers, London, 1850 (reprint of letter and plans sent 1849 to the Earl of Chichester, President of the Royal Agricultural Society); Tne (11th) Duke of Bedford: A Great Agricultural Estate, being the Story of the Origin and Administration of Woburn and Thorney , London, 1897; Rev. C.H. Hartshorne: The System of building Labourers' Cottages pursued on the estates of His Grace the Duke of Bedford n.d. but probably 1849.



Listing NGR: SP9593835588

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 38340

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Hartshorne, Reverend C H, The System of Building Labourers Cottages pursued on the Estates of his Grace the Duke of Bedford, (1849)
The 11th Duke of Bedford, , A Great Agricultural Estate being the Story of the Origin and Administration of Woburn and Thorney, (1897)
Other
The 7th Duke of Bedford, Plans and Elevations of Cottages for Agricultural Labourers, (1850)

End of official listing