BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE

Overview

Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: II*

List Entry Number: 1158144

Date first listed: 18-Sep-1980

Statutory Address: BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE, LITTLETON LANE

Map

Ordnance survey map of BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1158144 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Nov-2018 at 21:25:35.

Location

Statutory Address: BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE, LITTLETON LANE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: North Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Winford

National Grid Reference: ST5505264303

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

ST 56 SE 1816/7/124 18-SEP-80

WINFORD LITTLETON LANE (West side) BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE

GV II*

Barn. Late C17 or C18, with inserted C18 powder magazine; the whole building then remodelled and re-roofed C19. Roughly-squared limestone rubble, brick gable stack, and pantile roof.

PLAN: Rectangular plan with inserted vaulted powder store at N end.

EXTERIOR: Central cart entrance with timber lintel and double plank doors, round-arched doorway to right with a C20 glazed door to powder store, small window to left; blocked entrance in S end under upper segmental-arched door to hayloft. N gable has a round-arched doorway beneath a C19 projecting arch supporting a brick stack, and irregular toothed ends to front and back elevation and string at eaves height, indicating position of a former lean-to. Rear has a small window to powder store and three blocked lights, with a segmental-arched doorway to the right.

INTERIOR: Barn has central threshing floor, and six C19 king post trusses; mid or later C19 joist holes cut across the entrance. The S end occupied by a chamber, lower than the barn walls, with thick rubble walls and a semi-circular arched groin vault. Above the chamber, the barn walls are plastered.

HISTORY: Littleton gunpowder mill operated for about a century from the early C18. It was one of three in Somerset which were started to supply local mining interests and also foreign markets through the port of Bristol, and all of which closed by the mid-C19. It is the best surviving gunpowder works from this period in the country, the C18 powder mill complex with its canal being a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

It is probable that the vaulted structure was inserted into the barn during the early working of the mill, as storage of powder it an important part of the manufacturing process. Its location close to the house, the design, with three openings, and the unique manner of construction, within a pre-existing farm building, make it a unique example of one of the most characteristic buildings found at a powder works.

(Buchanan, B and Tucker, M T, ' The Manufacture of Gunpowder', Industrial Archaeology Review, V.3.1981; Crocker, G, The Gunpowder Mills Gazetteer, 1988; Former Avon County SMR entry 2190; Gilson R G, Unpublished VAG Report, September 1979; Brenda Buchanan, "The Technology of Gunpowder Making in the Eighteenth Century: Evidence from the Bristol Region", Transactions of the Newcomen Society, Vol. 67 (1995-6)).

Listing NGR: ST5505264303

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33991

Legacy System: LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Crocker, G, The Gunpowder Mills Gazetteer, (1988)
'Avon County Sites and Monuments Record' in No 2190, ()
Buchanan, B, 'Transactions of the Newcomen Society' in The Technology of Gunpowder Making in the Eighteenth Century: Evidence from the Bristol Region, , Vol. 67, (1995-6)
Buchanan, B J, Tucker, M T, 'Industrial Archaeology Review' in The Manufacture of Gunpowder: A Study of the Documentary and Physical Evidence Relating to the Woolley Powder Works near Bath, , Vol. 3, (1981)
Gilson, R G, 'Vernacular Architecture Group Report' in Vernacular Architecture Group Report, (1979)

End of official listing