BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1158144
Date first listed:
18-Sep-1980
Statutory Address:
BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE, LITTLETON LANE

Map

Ordnance survey map of BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1158144.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2019 at 14:23:39.

Location

Statutory Address:
BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE, LITTLETON LANE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
North Somerset (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Winford
National Grid Reference:
ST5505264303

Details

ST 56 SE 1816/7/124 18-SEP-80

WINFORD LITTLETON LANE (West side) BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF POWDERMILL FARMHOUSE

GV II*

Barn. Late C17 or C18, with inserted C18 powder magazine; the whole building then remodelled and re-roofed C19. Roughly-squared limestone rubble, brick gable stack, and pantile roof.

PLAN: Rectangular plan with inserted vaulted powder store at N end.

EXTERIOR: Central cart entrance with timber lintel and double plank doors, round-arched doorway to right with a C20 glazed door to powder store, small window to left; blocked entrance in S end under upper segmental-arched door to hayloft. N gable has a round-arched doorway beneath a C19 projecting arch supporting a brick stack, and irregular toothed ends to front and back elevation and string at eaves height, indicating position of a former lean-to. Rear has a small window to powder store and three blocked lights, with a segmental-arched doorway to the right.

INTERIOR: Barn has central threshing floor, and six C19 king post trusses; mid or later C19 joist holes cut across the entrance. The S end occupied by a chamber, lower than the barn walls, with thick rubble walls and a semi-circular arched groin vault. Above the chamber, the barn walls are plastered.

HISTORY: Littleton gunpowder mill operated for about a century from the early C18. It was one of three in Somerset which were started to supply local mining interests and also foreign markets through the port of Bristol, and all of which closed by the mid-C19. It is the best surviving gunpowder works from this period in the country, the C18 powder mill complex with its canal being a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

It is probable that the vaulted structure was inserted into the barn during the early working of the mill, as storage of powder it an important part of the manufacturing process. Its location close to the house, the design, with three openings, and the unique manner of construction, within a pre-existing farm building, make it a unique example of one of the most characteristic buildings found at a powder works.

(Buchanan, B and Tucker, M T, ' The Manufacture of Gunpowder', Industrial Archaeology Review, V.3.1981; Crocker, G, The Gunpowder Mills Gazetteer, 1988; Former Avon County SMR entry 2190; Gilson R G, Unpublished VAG Report, September 1979; Brenda Buchanan, "The Technology of Gunpowder Making in the Eighteenth Century: Evidence from the Bristol Region", Transactions of the Newcomen Society, Vol. 67 (1995-6)).

Listing NGR: ST5505264303

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
33991
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Crocker, G, The Gunpowder Mills Gazetteer, (1988)
'Avon County Sites and Monuments Record' in No 2190, ()
Buchanan, B, 'Transactions of the Newcomen Society' in The Technology of Gunpowder Making in the Eighteenth Century: Evidence from the Bristol Region, , Vol. 67, (1995-6)
Buchanan, B J, Tucker, M T, 'Industrial Archaeology Review' in The Manufacture of Gunpowder: A Study of the Documentary and Physical Evidence Relating to the Woolley Powder Works near Bath, , Vol. 3, (1981)
Gilson, R G, 'Vernacular Architecture Group Report' in Vernacular Architecture Group Report, (1979)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 11 Jun 2001
Reference: IOE01/02566/12
Rights: Copyright IoE N.L. Stones. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].