FACTORY BUILDING, FORMERLY OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1197481
Date first listed:
29-Jul-1976
Date of most recent amendment:
13-Dec-1993
Statutory Address:
FACTORY BUILDING, FORMERLY OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED, HOLYROOD STREET

Map

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Location

Statutory Address:
FACTORY BUILDING, FORMERLY OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED, HOLYROOD STREET

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Somerset
District:
South Somerset (District Authority)
Parish:
Chard Town
National Grid Reference:
ST 32238 08450

Details

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 28/04/2015

756-1/4/160

CHARD HOLYROOD STREET (East side) Factory Building, formerly of Gifford Fox and Company Limited (Formerly listed as: HOLYROOD STREET, CHARD OLD FACTORY BUILDING OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED) 29-JUL-76

GV II* Lace factory, now industrial units. c1820-30. Built of red brick with ball finials surmounting stepped copings of gabled slate roof. Rectangular plan. 5 storeys; 10-window range. Flat gauged brick arches over C20 windows. Large brick external stack with moulded cornicing to east elevation. Entry in mid C20 block to south. INTERIOR: fireproof construction with cast-iron columns to vaulted brick ceilings and arched iron roof trusses with circular compression members. The lace or plain net trade became established after 1820 by manufacturers who fled from the Luddite resistance they had faced in the Midlands. NOTE: A number of sources have identified that in 1848, on the 4th floor of the mill, John Stringfellow [1799-1883] achieved the first sustained powered flight with a 10-foot wingspan model aeroplane powered by a light-weight steam engine. However, there has been some suggestion that, due to the dimensions of the building, the test flight may have taken place at another site. The flight was repeated in a marquee in Cremorna Gardens, London, later in 1848. The model aeroplane and the steam engine were designed and built by Stringfellow, probably in his workshops behind his house, No.121 High Street, listed grade II. Stringfellow was a bobbin and carriage maker from Nottingham. SOURCES: [1]Buchanan CA: Industrial Archaeology of Central Southern England: London: 1980-: P.123. [2] Penrose, H., An Ancient Air, Airlife Publishing Ltd. 1988.

Listing NGR: ST3223808450

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
374178
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Buchanan, , Buchanan, , Batsford Guide to Industrial Archaeology Central Southern England, (1980)
Penrose, H , An Ancient Air, (1988)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 23 Aug 2000
Reference: IOE01/01628/16
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Richard Bland. Source Historic England Archive
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