WAVE BASIN BATTERY ADJACENT TO OLD SOUTH PIER

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1207135
Date first listed:
26-Nov-1990
Date of most recent amendment:
17-Oct-1994
Statutory Address:
WAVE BASIN BATTERY ADJACENT TO OLD SOUTH PIER, SUNDERLAND HARBOUR

Map

Ordnance survey map of WAVE BASIN BATTERY ADJACENT TO OLD SOUTH PIER
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1207135 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Aug-2019 at 20:02:47.

Location

Statutory Address:
WAVE BASIN BATTERY ADJACENT TO OLD SOUTH PIER, SUNDERLAND HARBOUR

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Sunderland (Metropolitan Authority)
National Grid Reference:
NZ 40920 58159

Details

SUNDERLAND

NZ4058 SUNDERLAND HARBOUR 920-1/9/215 (South side) 26/11/90 Wave Basin Battery adjacent to old South Pier (Formerly Listed as: SOUTH PIER Wave Basin Battery)

GV II

Battery. c1873. For the War Office on site given in 1860 by River Wear Commission. Ashlar. A mole projecting into the river inside the harbour, on the E side of the Wave Basin and immediately SW of old South Pier, with 4 gun emplacements. No.1 gun emplacement at the N, rounded end of the mole has had concrete filling added. The second and third emplacements have splayed openings to seaward in the battery wall, which is protected from the water by the breakwater of the mole. Nos 1 and 4 gun emplacements had an ashlar circle and a central ashlar block in which the central pivot was set; at least one pivot survives; these guns fired over over the parapet. Nos 2 and 3 had front pivot traversing carriages of either wood or wrought-iron. The original artillery consisted of four 80 pounder rifle muzzle loading guns. This is the one surviving example of an RML battery between the Humber and the Tweed. It is an important illustration of the transition from cannon to modern artillery, and also illustrates the methods used to defend mercantile ports in the years after the Crimean War and the production of iron-clad warships. It is shown on an 1875 official plan of Hudson Docks, reproduced in Sinclair 1986. (Fortress Study Group: Conference notes: Tyneside: 1988-; Sinclair NT: Railways of Sunderland: Newcastle upon Tyne: 1986-: 60).

Listing NGR: NZ4092058159

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
391604
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Sinclair, N T, Railways of Sunderland, (1986)

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 20 May 2001
Reference: IOE01/03176/22
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr D.H. Bottoms. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].