Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


Ordnance survey map of BENHAM PARK
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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

West Berkshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SU 44011 67742


SU 46NW SPEEN BATH ROAD (south side)

6/19 Benham Park 6.6.52 II*

Mansion. 1772-5 with substantial late C19 and early C20 alterations and additions.Probably by Henry Holland with assistance from Lancelot (Capability) Brown. Ashlar and Stucco. Basement, 2 storeys and attic. Glazing bar sashes with blind hoods. South front: 9 bays. Central tetrastyle portico with unfluted Ionic columns, and pilasters behind, supporting entablature and balustrade. Entablature and pilasters continued one bay to each side, and cornice carried around building. Attic above with balustrade and urns. Blank rectangular panels between ground floor windows. Plinth and flight of steps leading to central half glazed double doors with architrave and segmental pediment on brackets. West front: 5 bays. Central 3 bays projecting with ground floor windows in recessed arched panels linked by string course at impost level. Central 3 first floor windows have moulded architraves, bracketted cills and flat hoods. Blank rectangular panels between ground and first floor windows in end bays. North front: 9 bays. Central 5 bays projecting at ground and first floor level with Ionic pilasters supporting entablature and balustrade. Triangular pediment over central 3 bays with carved roundel and swags in tympanum. Attic above with balustrade and urns. Railed airey; and rectangular panels with carved swags between ground and first floor. windows. Central doorway with french casements, moulded architrave and bracketted flat hood. North-east wing; West front: 7 bays. String course between ground and first floors; cornice with attic and balustrade with urns above. Central 3 bays recessed and ground floor with blank arcade. First floor windows with balustraded balconies and flat hoods. Central window with triangular pediment. One storey, 3 bay wing to left with balustrade, blank arcade with rectangular panels above and central French casements.Interior. Good; mainly late C19. 2 fireplaces in entrance hall and one in main bedroom came from Stowe in 1922. The interior still contains many features of importance in the development of the C18 country house including the small circular double-height vestibule adjoining the inner hall to the west; referred to as 'the tribune' and later adopted by Soane. Grounds landscaped by Capability Brown. B.O.E.Berkshire p.225. Berkshire Architectural Guide; Betjeman and Piper; Murray. 1949. p.143. Henry Holland, His Life and architecture. D.M.Strand; County Life Ltd. pp.36-9. Architect's Journal, 16 April 1975. Rehabilitation at Benham Park pp.815-817.

Listing NGR: SU4401167742


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Berkshire, (1975), 225
Stroud, D, Henry Holland His Life and Architecture, (1966)
'Murrays Architectural Guide' in Berkshire, (1949), 143
'Country Life' in Country Life, (), 36-39
'Architects Journal' in 16 April, (1975)
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 3 Berkshire,


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 31 Jul 2000
Reference: IOE01/02738/03
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr James A Irving. Source Historic England Archive
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