THAMES TUNNEL

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1242119
Date first listed:
24-Mar-1995
Statutory Address:
THAMES TUNNEL, WAPPING HIGH STREET, BRUNEL ROAD

Map

Ordnance survey map of THAMES TUNNEL
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Location

Statutory Address:
THAMES TUNNEL, WAPPING HIGH STREET, BRUNEL ROAD

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Greater London Authority
District:
Southwark (London Borough)
Parish:
Non Civil Parish
County:
Greater London Authority
District:
Tower Hamlets (London Borough)
Parish:
Non Civil Parish
National Grid Reference:
TQ3513580028

Details

The entry was subject to a minor amendment on 25 July 2017.

TQ 3580 636-/5/10086 Thames Tunnel

II*

Underwater tunnel for human traffic. Begun 1825, completed 1843 by engineer Marc Isambard Brunel with assistance from Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Brick bedded in Roman cement and faced with clay tiles and stucco. Approx. 366m (1,200ft) long. Two parallel vaults of horseshoe section, 4.27m (14ft) wide by 4.88m (16ft) high and joined at intervals by cross arches are encased in a rectangular brick framework 11.58m (38ft) wide and 6.7m (22ft) high externally. At the end are access shafts 15.24m (50ft) across. Segmental arches separating the two vaults 'rest' on Greek Doric half-columns with square abaci. Many arches have been filled in. Stucco finish in 'ashlar' on top of red clay tile lining of tunnel. HISTORY. Experimental attempts to construct a tunnel were made in 1805 by Robert Vazie and again in 1808 by Richard Trevithick. The present tunnel was constructed on a new line to a revised scheme by Marc Brunel (1769-1849) using a tunnelling shield designed by him and patented in 1818. The tunnel was opened on 26 May 1843. It remained a foot tunnel until 1865-9 when it was converted for the East London Railway. Later used by electric underground trains (East London Line).

Listing NGR: TQ3513580028

The asset was previously listed twice also under London Borough of Southwark at List entry 1378391. This entry was removed from the List on 25 July 2017.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
441472
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 01 Nov 2006
Reference: IOE01/16165/20
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Stewart Monk. Source Historic England Archive
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