Airmen's Cross near Stonehenge

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1242829
Date first listed:
05-May-1995
Date of most recent amendment:
24-Dec-2015
Location Description:
Located c30m south-west of the Stonehenge Visitors Centre.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Airmen's Cross near Stonehenge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Located c30m south-west of the Stonehenge Visitors Centre.
District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Winterbourne Stoke
National Grid Reference:
SU1003342738

Summary

A memorial erected in commemoration of two pioneer airmen who were killed in a flying accident near Stonehenge in 1912.

Reasons for Designation

The Airmen's Cross near Stonehenge is listed at Grade II for the following principal reason:

Historic interest: a relatively rare memorial erected in 1912 to commemorate the historically significant event of a flying accident that killed two pioneer aviators shortly before the formation of Britain's first military flying corps.

History

The Airmen's Cross near Stonehenge was erected in memory of two pioneer airmen, Captain Eustace Loraine and Staff Sergeant Richard Wilson, who were killed in a flying accident near Stonehenge in 1912. In 1911, shortly before the creation of the Royal Flying Corps (active from 1912 to 1918), military flying had begun in the area around Stonehenge, as the open grassland was particularly suitable for flying early aircraft. Loraine and Wilson were flying a Nieuport monoplane from Larkhill Airfield, north of Stonehenge, on a routine training flight on 5th July 1912, when, unaccountably, the aircraft crashed.

On 25 June 2012 the memorial was removed from its original location along the A303, and re-erected near the new Stonehenge visitors' centre in 2013. On 1 May 2014, the Airmen's Cross was re-dedicated by the Earl and Countess of Wessex.

Details

A memorial erected in commemoration of two pioneer airmen who were killed in a flying accident near Stonehenge in 1912.

Materials: granite.

Description: a relief-carved cross set into a wheel-head with a short shaft and stepped plinth, inscribed with the words:

TO THE MEMORY/ OF/ CAPTAIN LORAINE/ AND STAFF-SERGEANT WILSON/ WHO WHILST FLYING ON DUTY MET WITH/ A FATAL ACCIDENT NEAR THIS SPOT/ ON JULY 5TH 1912./ ERECTED BY THEIR COMRADES



Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
443794
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 03 May 2003
Reference: IOE01/10701/06
Rights: Copyright IoE Mrs Anne Thomas. Source Historic England Archive
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