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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1248742



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Cherwell

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Broughton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 08-Dec-1955

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 430494

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


BROUGHTON SP43NW 1/224 Broughton Castle and attached 08/12/55 walls


Fortified manor house. Moated C13 and C14 core, remodelled C15, C16 and C18, CI9 restoration by George Gilbert Scott. C20 restoration. North front: Regular coursed ironstone rubble. Stone slate roof. Stone lateral and end stacks. Central stack dated RF 1554. Complex plan: Chapel, kitchen, offices, great hall and living quarters. 2 storeys plus attic. 6 bays. North front: Remodelled c.1550 by Richard Fiennes in Italianate style. 2 entrances, one into crenellated Cl6 extension to left, the other doorway concealed at the side of the bay window to right. Two 2-storey bay windows flank oriel window to first floor which has fluted Ionic and Corinthian columns. Scattered fenestration: Stone mullioned and transomed windows including fake windows to west bay window, C18 round headed windows with intersecting glazing bars, and 2-light Decorated chapel window. Gabled attic storey. Stone coping. South front: 2 storeys plus attic. Little attempt at Symmetry. 2 doorways; pointed, arched doorway to right has plank door. To left a square headed doorway. Scattered fenestration; stone mullioned windows with hood moulds and label stops, stone mullioned and transomed windows, round headed window with wooden mullions and transoms and pointed arched windows with Gothick glazing bars. The south front is dominated by 2 gabled staircase projections, lateral stack between. To right a small gabled Cl6 garderobe and a battlemented tower of 3 storeys with gargoyles and slits. 2-light C14 window first floor of solar wing. C14 buttresses. East front: 3 storeys with gargoyles and slits. 2-light C14 window first floor of solar wing. C14 buttresses. East front: 3-light Geometrical window to chapel, 2 traceried square headed windows and a 2-light Geometrical window. West front: Former kitchen wing remodelled and extended Cl6. 2 storeys. Large stone mullioned and transomed windows. Parapet and hipped roof to right. Interior: C14 plan of great hall and kitchen and offices at west end and living quarters on 3 floors at east end with first floor solar and chapel over vaulted undercroft. Cl6 remodelling reversed this arrangement: former kitchen became living rooms, new kitchen buit at east end of solar block, 3 floors built above hall and flat ceiling inserted. West wing: Drawing Room or Oak Room c.1598 in Flemish Rennaisance style. Built on the foundations of the C14 kitchens. Oak panelling and interior porch with cartouche. Stone fireplace with triglyph frieze, pilasters and floral reliefs. Small room to west of Hall, now Library, remodelled c.1760's in Gothick style. Great Hall: C14, 58.5ft. x 28.5ft. 4 bays. Oh ceiling with C18 decoration probably by Sanderson Miller. Blocked doorways including 2 to pantry and buttery. 4-centred Cl6 doorway with plank door. Stone fireplace. 2 small pointed. arched doorways with plank doors to quadripartite vaulted passages, one to the chapel, the other to the solar wing. C14 stone newel stair to solar; straight flight of stone to chapel with rib vaulting above. Undercroft to solar now dining room: 3 bays of quadripartite vaulting chamfered ribs springing from moulded corbels. Linenfold panelling and stone fireplace c.1540. Chapel undercroft now kitchen: 2 bays of quadripartite vaulting with chamfered ribs and carved bosses. High pointed arched window to east now cut to contain a doorway. Former open courtyard to east of chapel, enclosed C15 now contains 1970 stone staircase by Fletcher and Watson. C15 Kitchens east of solar wing. First floor: White room in west wing. Ornate plaster ceiling dated 1559 and REF for Richard and Elizabeth Fiennes. Carved doorcases and dado by G.G. Scott c.1867. Long gallery remodelled in Gothick style c.1760. Star chamber off Long Gallery: Important stone fireplace has carved stucco overmantel c.1554. The central panel shows dryads dancing round an oak and beneath is an inscription from Ovid. Influence of Fontainebleau School. C16 ceiling has plaster ribs and rosettes and frieze of vines and pomegranates. C18 Chinese hand painted wallpaper. Queen Anne's Room: Stone fireplace built by Richard Fiennes c.1551. Squint to chapel in north east corner. Chapel c.1331 2 storeys 17.5ft. x 10.75ft. Noted as a rare example of an unaltered C14 private chapel. Original stone altar slab on stone brackets. 3 squints. Piscina recess has ogee head. Medieval floor tiles. Council chamber at top of west stair. Used as meeting place 1629-1640. (V.C.H.: Oxfordshire, Vol.IX, pp.89-92) Archaeological Journal, 135, 1978, pp.138-194 (article by H. Gordon Slade); Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, 1974, pp.492-8).

Listing NGR: SP4180438177

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Sherwood, J , The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, (1974), 492-8
Salzman, L F, The Victoria History of the County of Oxford, (1969), 89-92
'Archaeological Journal' in Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 135, (1978), 138-194
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 34 Oxfordshire

National Grid Reference: SP 41809 38173


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End of official listing