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HOLWELL TEMPLE BUILT AS EYECATCHER CIRCA 2000 METRES SOUTH OF CASTLE HILL, FILLEIGH

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: HOLWELL TEMPLE BUILT AS EYECATCHER CIRCA 2000 METRES SOUTH OF CASTLE HILL, FILLEIGH

List entry Number: 1258315

Location

HOLWELL TEMPLE BUILT AS EYECATCHER CIRCA 2000 METRES SOUTH OF CASTLE HILL, FILLEIGH

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chittlehampton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 08-Jan-1988

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 444525

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

CHITTLEHAMPTON SS 62 NE

2/123 Holwell Temple built as eyecatcher - circa 2000 metres south of Castle Hill, Filleigh - II Temple. 1770-1772. Stucco on brick and stone rubble with ashlar dressings, the brick confined to the ground floor, stack, full-height engaged pilasters and columns of the portico. Plan. Square on plan with tetrastyle portico to north side. Floors and roof no longer survive. Originally 2 principal storeys. 3 bays to each face. The principal north facade is pedimented with 3 semi-circular headed niches over round- arched window openings flanking straight-headed doorway. 3 of the 4 columns have ashlar bases with the stubs of the brick columns only surviving, the second column from the right rising to about 5 metres. Each of the bays to the remaining sides are flanked by engaged brick pilasters with Ionic style capitals, the latter surviving only to the west and south sides. Square openings over larger window openings to each bay, on the west side 2 of the upper storey windows, and on south side the central upper storey window have been blocked. On the east side, only the left-hand bay has similar openings, the central bay is blind due to the internal brick stack, the right-hand bay has a blocked ground floor window. No interior features survive except for the ground floor fireplace on the east side with cambered brick arch. Holwell Temple was built between 1770 and 17772, a former inscription around the frieze recording that it was 'Erected By Matthew Lord Fortescue in Grateful Remembrance of his Brother Hugh Earl Clinton MDCCLXX11.' Intended originally to cost £100, the eventual expenditure proved to be £700. Lord Fortescue wrote in August 1771 'I think the expense should in some measure be made to correspond with the great obligation I owe to my brother's memory - not only to this temple but by hiding as much as I could of that false French taste which was shown when he began the improvements and, which in those days very generally prevailed'. The Temple stands imposingly on the extremity of a bluff; originally the meadows below it were flooded and the trees around it shredded "to favour the deception of a port". It forms one of a number of important garden structures in the C18 design of Castle Hill, Filleigh (q.v.). Kenneth Woodbridge 'Landscaping at Castle Hill', Count Life 14th Jan 1979 and Robin Faussett 'The Creation of the Gardens at Castle Hill, Filleigh, South Molton, Devon' (1984).

Listing NGR: SS6749626954

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Faussett, R, The Creation of the Gardens at Castle Hill Filleigh South Molton Devon, (1984)
'Country Life' in 14 January, (1979)

National Grid Reference: SS 67496 26954

Map

Map
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End of official listing