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FAIRFAX HOUSE

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: FAIRFAX HOUSE

List entry Number: 1259337

Location

FAIRFAX HOUSE, 25 AND 27, CASTLEGATE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: York

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 14-Jun-1954

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 463011

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

YORK

SE6051NW CASTLEGATE 1112-1/28/141 (North East side) 14/06/54 Nos.25 AND 27 Fairfax House

GV I

Two houses, now amalgamated. No.27 c1744, remodelled 1760-62; No.25 probably early C19. Both houses amalgamated and remodelled as cinema and ballroom in 1920; restored as two houses 1982-84. No.27 remodelled in C18 possibly by John Carr for the 9th Viscount Fairfax of Emley: C20 restoration by Francis Johnson for the York Civic Trust. MATERIALS: No.27 of orange brick in Flemish bond on stepped plinth of painted stone; painted stone doorcase, quoins and dressings. Rear rebuilt in C19 clamp bricks in English bond. Brick stacks at each side of hipped slate roof. No.25 has ground floor of white terracotta and upper storeys of Flemish bond brick painted to match brick of No.27: modillion eaves cornice of timber to slate roof. EXTERIOR: both fronts are 2-storeyed with attics. No.25 has 3 bays; No.27 5 bays, 3 centre bays breaking forward beneath closed pediment. Cinema front retained in No.25, of sunk-panel pilasters enriched with fruit pendants carrying architrave and frieze of recessed panels between acanthus consoles. Original entrance, flanked by fluted and garlanded Ionic columns, altered to concave screen, approached by steps, containing glazed and panelled double doors beneath radial-glazed fanlight; to left, former doorway now blocked by small-pane window with semicircular fanlight, in moulded arch with shell keyblock. Treatment of upper storey windows and other detail matches that of No.27. No.27 has central pedimented doorcase of attached Doric columns on tall stepped pedestals. Double doors of fielded panels beneath radial fanlight, approached by steps, are recessed in round-arched architrave with moulded impost band. Ground floor windows are 12-pane sashes in quoined surrounds with flat arches of stepped voussoirs, over sill band. On first floor, similar windows in plain architraves over sunk panels, have pulvinated friezes, moulded cornices and projecting sills extending as flat sill band. Attic windows are squat 6-pane sashes in plain surrounds with sills. Flat band at first floor; moulded cornices beneath attic storey, and to eaves and pediment, beneath plain parapet. Pediment tympanum filled by radial-glazed oculus enclosed in renewed cartouche surround carved with palm fronds. Left return: rainwater head dated 1984 and stamped with the badge of The York Civic Trust. At rear, reset pedimented doorcase of panelled pilasters with fluted imposts beneath swagged frieze on acanthus consoles, and moulded cornice: fielded panelled double doors and radial fanlight in

elliptical-arched opening. Right return: ground and first floors obscured by adjoining building (No.29, qv). Main front attic cornice returned as brick dentilled band beneath blind window openings with flat arches of gauged brick. Eaves cornice from front returned as plain brick band beneath parapet. INTERIOR: No.27: ground floor: renewed stone flagged floor extends from entrance hall to stairhall. Moulded skirting enriched with flower and ribbon carving carries through to top of main staircase. Entrance hall: front doorcase is round-arched, with panelled soffit, on enriched sunk-panelled pilasters with acanthus leaf capitals. Similar moulded round-arched opening leads to stairhall. 2 original doorcases with enriched architraves, carved pulvinated friezes and cornice heads contain original 6-panel doors. Plaster ceiling, coved above cornice enriched with palmette, moulded into medallions and scrolls of foliage and flowers. Front room to left (Library): original marble fireplace with insets of Sienna marble. Doorcase with architrave carved with shells and rosettes, acanthus frieze and dentilled cornice. Skirting carved to match doorcase architrave. Window architraves enriched with foliage and husk carvings, and fitted with shutters of enriched fielded panelling. Dado moulded with bands of bead and reel and rosettes and foliage. Ceiling coved above paired modillion cornice, decoration incorporating four portrait medallions and looped strapwork and foliage trails. Front room to right (Dining-room): restored original marble fireplace with Ionic columns. 2 doorcases with pulvinated friezes carved with scrolled foliage beneath broken pediments, and architraves enriched with egg, shell and flower carvings, repeated on window architraves. Windows have shutters of enriched fielded panelling. Skirting and dado carved with foliage and husk motif. Doric cornice to plaster ceiling of foliage trails entwining baskets of fruit and medallions of Abundantia, wine glasses crossed with tobacco pipes, and musical instruments. Stairhall: 3 doorcases with enriched architraves, friezes carved with guilloche mouldings enclosing rosettes, and cornices enriched with egg and flower. One doorcase, leading to secondary staircase, is set within round arch which repeats front doorcase and entrance hall arches. Plaster ceiling panelled in guilloche mouldings enclosing acanthus roundels. Draped stucco medallion representing Roma with floral pendant on wall opposite foot of stairs. Secondary staircase: rises from ground to second floor: bottom flight reconstructed. Cantilevered stone treads with ironwork balustrade of elongated intersecting scrolls and flat moulded and ramped-up handrail. Main staircase: rises around well to first floor with cantilevered cast treads, the under sides panelled and decorated with attached floral carvings. Balustrade of

scrolled ironwork panels with moulded handrail wreathed at foot around fluted column newel on scrolled curtail step. Venetian staircase window of enriched Corinthian order on blind balustraded plinth, beneath moulded double arch containing painted heraldic cartouche. First floor. Landing: flanking walls of upper part of stairwell have plaster consoles supporting replacement busts, enclosed in cartouches of swags and palm leaves. Plaster ceiling is coved above enriched cornice on acanthus consoles, and depicts martial theme. Four doorcases with eared architraves enriched with egg and flower pattern, friezes carved in high relief with garlands of fruit and flowers between foliate volutes, and enriched moulded cornices. Small front room (Drawing Room): replacement fireplace and doorcases; partly renewed skirting carved with rosettes and foliage, and dado rail with Greek key frets and rosettes. Window architraves enriched with foliage trails and fitted with shutters of enriched fielded panelling. Plaster ceiling coved in radiating coffers above enriched dentil and modillion cornice with central figurative medallion encircled by entwined palm leaves and foliage. Large front room (Saloon): replacement fireplace. Two original doorcases flank fireplace, with enriched architraves, pulvinated friezes carved with foliage, and enriched dentilled cornices. Window architraves are eared and carved with shell, flower and egg mouldings, and fitted with shutters of enriched fielded panelling. Skirting and dado rail enriched with foliage and fan carvings. Lavish cornice with dentils, paired acanthus modillions interspersed with rosettes, and paired lion masks, above plaster frieze of foliage trails. Ceiling incorporates central rose, medallions of music and musical instruments, and corner baskets of fruit and flowers set in trails of vine and wreaths of oak leaves. Both rooms at rear have replacement fireplaces, and doorcases with architraves carved to match skirting, carved pulvinated friezes with flowering rose centrepiece, and cornices: one room has egg and flower dado and dentilled ceiling cornice; the other has renewed dado and stepped cornice moulded with foliage garlands and rosettes, and shells and flowers. (Brown P: Fairfax House, York: An Illustrated History and a Guide: York: 1989-; City of York: RCHME: The Central Area: HMSO: 1981-: 112-113).





Listing NGR: SE6046351578

Selected Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the City of York V Central, (1981), 112-113
Brown, P, Fairfax House York An Illustrated History and a Guide, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SE 60463 51578

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing