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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1264952



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: City of Westminster

District Type: London Borough


National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1958

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 426523

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


TQ 2980 SW CITY OF WESTMINSTER ST. JAMES'S PLACE, SW1 81/76 24.2.58 No 27 (Spencer House) GV I Town mansion. 1752-54 by John Vardy, traditionally the design also attributed to General Gray. Building and decoration from 1756 to 1766, including interiors by James Stuart c. 1759 and interior alterations by Sir Robert Taylor, c. 1772, and Henry Holland, c. 1785. Portland stone, slate roof. Pure Palladian, particularly the Green Park facade inspired by Palladio design via Burlington's General Wade house. To Green Park 2 storey pedimented facade, consisting of arcaded and rusticated podium storey supporting piano nobile with engaged Doric order, the whole raised on sub- basement balustraded terrace with vermiculated rustication and semicircular arched openings. 7 windows wide. Ground floor/ basement has flat arched glazing bar sashes recessed in panels with impost strings within arcade. 1st floor has architraved glazing bar sashes with alternating segmental-triangular pediments framed by the Doric order, with terminal pilasters, supporting an enriched Doric entablature with the broad pediment, containing palm-wreathed oculus, over the central 5 bays and balustraded parapet with carved urns and statues on the dies and pediment. The entrance flank to St. James's Place is of 3 storeys and basement and pedimented dormers to attic. 6 windows wide. Rusticated ground floor, with cornice and blind balustrade at 1st floor level, is arcaded with linking impost string. Entrance in bay adjoining the pedimented pavilion return to Park front, is pedimented with rusticated surround and lamp standards with extinguishers. 1st floor has Palladian window above entrance and other 1st floor windows with cornices on consoles, that in corner pavilion with pediment framed by similar pilaster order as on Park front, with flanking niches. Exceptional classical interiors,in particular those decorated by Stuart in the west range with the first "Etruscan" room in Europe and important work by Taylor and Holland. Survey of London; vol XXX James Stuart: David Watkin Architectural Review March 1984: "Tracing a Palladio elevation"

Listing NGR: TQ2917480112

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Watkin, D, James Stuart
'Survey of London' in The Parish of St James Westminster Part 1 South of Piccadilly: Volumes 29 and 30, , Vol. 30, (1960)
'Architectural Review' in Architectural Review, (1984)

National Grid Reference: TQ 29174 80112


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End of official listing