Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)
Old Warden
National Grid Reference:
TL 13670 44321



10/138 Parish Church of 31.10.66 St Leonard


Parish church, originally forming part of the endowment of Warden Abbey. C12 origins, predominantly C13, with C14, C15 and C16 details, reworked mid and late C19. Mainly of brown cobblestones with limestone dressings, some later works in red brick and in coursed limestone. State roofs. Chancel, N vestry, nave, S aisle, S porch, W tower. Chancel: C13, E half rebuilt later C19. C19 E and SE windows. NW window, SW priest's door and surmounting window are C14. Late C13 chancel arch. Plain parapet to E end. N vestry and organ chamber are late C19. Nave: N wall has C15 3-light window flanked by 2 C14 2-light windows with C15 tracery. C14 blocked doorway. Early C14 3-bay pointed-arched arcade to S. S aisle: C14. C15 3-light E window. C16 square-headed 3-light window to SE and W. Embattled parapet. C19 S doorway. S porch: erected 1952, in memory of Richard Ormonde Shuttleworth (d.1940), by his mother. Timber framed with red brick infill, and gabled tiled roof . W tower: 4 stages, with embattled parapet. Base of tower, including tower arch, is C12, remainder rebuilt C15. Bell stage has 2-light pointed arched window without tracery to each side. Small loophole windows to other stages. 2-light pointed-arched window to W elevation of lower stage, inserted or reworked C19. Interior: filled with C16, C17 and C18 carved woodwork, apparently mainly Flemish and English, collected by Robert Henley 3rd Lord Ongley, and installed 1841. Gallery in S aisle with blank arched panels is probably Jacobean. Pewing is constructed from variety of C16-C17 Belgian pieces, some with ogee headed panels, some with acanthus scrolls, some in chancel with panels showing letters AC and simple strapwork. Caryatids to panelling behind altar. The collection is linked by much Victorian woodwork. Nave roof, rebuilt 1841, has elaborate wavy-edged decoration to timbers. Pulpit, installed late C19 by Colonel Shuttleworth, probably C18 Belgian, has high relief biblical scenes and signs of the Evangelists. C14 font, formerly with 12 shafts. To SW of nave is marble monument to Sir Samuel Ongley, d.1726, by P Scheemakers and L Delvaux, with large standing figure in Roman costume flanked by putti. Tablet with draped urn and coat of arms, to Robert Henley 2nd Lord Ongley, d.1814. To SE of nave is monument to Caroline Jane Shuttleworth, d.1899. Alabaster and white marble, by C H Mabey, with figure of Faith. NE window of nave has restored C14 glass from Warden Abbey.

Listing NGR: TL1367044321


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

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Legacy System:


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 15 Nov 2001
Reference: IOE01/05691/02
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Derek E. Wharton. Source Historic England Archive
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