TOWN FARMHOUSE

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1309740
Date first listed:
24-Oct-1988
Statutory Address:
TOWN FARMHOUSE

Map

Ordnance survey map of TOWN FARMHOUSE
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Location

Statutory Address:
TOWN FARMHOUSE

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
East Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Clyst St. Lawrence
National Grid Reference:
ST 02817 00049

Details

CLYST ST LAWRENCE ST 00 SW 2/49 Town Farmhouse GV II

Farmhouse. Early - mid C16 with later C16 and C17 improvements including a mid C17 kitchen wing; the house was refurbished in the mid - late C19. Plastered cob on stone rubble footings; cob and stone rubble stacks topped with C19 brick; thatch roof. Plan and development: T-plan house. The main block faces south-south-east, say south, and is built down a gentle hillslope. Uphill at the right (west) end is an inner room parlour with a gable-end stack. The hall has an axial stack backing onto the passage. The other side of the passage is a lower end parlour with a gable-end stack. A 2-room plan rear block projects at right angles behind the hall and it contains a kitchen with a gable-end stack behind an unheated dairy. There is a stair turret in the angle of the 2 wings alongside the passage rear doorway. In the C19 the stair was enlarged at the expense of the hall. The house was thoroughly modernised in the mid - late C19 but apparently superficially since the original plan appears to be well-preserved. However much of the C16 and C17 fabric is hidden behind C19 plaster. Also much of the roof structure over the main block was renewed in the C19. Therefore it is difficult to assess the development of the house in detail. Nevertheless it seems likely that the early - mid C16 house was some form of open hall house and was probably heated by an open hearth fire. The house was progressively floored over and the chimneystacks were inserted between the mid C16 and mid C17. The lower end room was apparently refurbished as a parlour in the late C16 - early C17. The rear kitchen block was built in the mid C17. The inner room parlour maybe a C19 creation and the stack there might have been built then but it is not possible to be certain. The house is 2 storeys. Exterior: regular but not symmetrical 4-window front of C19 casements with glazing bars. The passage front doorway is left of centre and it contains a C19 4-panel door containing C19 patterned glass and behind a contemporary gabled porch. The roof is gable-ended. The rear block includes a couple of C17 oak-framed windows on the west side and close to the junction with the main block. The ground floor window is late C17, 5 lights with flat-faced mullions (inside the lintel is propped by a timber spoke from an old wagon wheel). The first floor window is mid C17, 4 lights with ovolo-moulded mullions. Interior: is mostly the result of the C19 modernisation and therefore much of the C16 and C17 fabric is hidden. Nevertheless the plan and the few features which are exposed suggest that the early house is well-preserved. In the hall and inner room no carpentry is exposed and the fireplaces are blocked. However the farmer reports that an oak plank-and-muntin screen was exposed during replastering work between the hall and inner room. Another is suspected along the lower side of the passage. The lower end parlour crossbeam is late C16 - early C17; it has deep hollow chamfers with pyramid stops. The fireplace here is blocked. The main block roof structure is mostly C19 although some smoke-blackened timbers from the early - mid C16 roof are reused and there is a clean collarless side-pegged jointed cruck over the lower end parlour; it is probably late C16 - early C17. The rear block is mid C17. The dairy has a plain chamfered crossbeam and the kitchen has a chamfered and step- stopped crossbeam. The large kitchen fireplace is partly blocked and now lined with C19 brick but its chamfered oak lintel is exposed and it continues over a cupboard alongside to right which was originally a walk-in curing chamber. The original C17 roof remains and is carried on A-frame trusses with pegged dovetail-shaped lap- jointed collars. The joinery detail throughout the house is C19. This is an attractive multi-phase Devon farmhouse. Great care should be taken during any modernisation work here lest C16 or C17 features be disturbed. However the mid - late C19 modernisation is an important phase in the development of the house and should be respected.

Listing NGR: ST0281800052

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
86809
Legacy System:
LBS

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 16 Mar 2004
Reference: IOE01/11523/22
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Robert Vickery. Source Historic England Archive
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