WINDMILL, ADJOINING BARNS, GATEHOUSE AND CURTAIN WALL

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1327213
Date first listed:
13-Dec-1985
Statutory Address:
WINDMILL, ADJOINING BARNS, GATEHOUSE AND CURTAIN WALL

Map

Ordnance survey map of WINDMILL, ADJOINING BARNS, GATEHOUSE AND CURTAIN WALL
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Location

Statutory Address:
WINDMILL, ADJOINING BARNS, GATEHOUSE AND CURTAIN WALL

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Cumbria
District:
Allerdale (District Authority)
Parish:
Workington
National Grid Reference:
NY 01404 27985

Details

WORKINGTON

566/6/74 SCHOOSE 13-DEC-85 WINDMILL, ADJOINING BARNS, GATEHOUSE A ND CURTAIN WALL

GV II* NY 02 NW WORKINGTON SCHOOSE

6/74 Windmill, adjoining barns, gatehouse and curtain wall

G.V. II

Windmill, barn, gatehouse, curtain wall and stack stand. Circa 1800 for John Christian Curwen. Calciferous sandstone rubble with flush quoins, some walls with battlemented parapets and angle pilasters. Mostly under corrugated asbestos roofs, some slate. 5-storey windmill and adjoining large 2-storey barn with single-storey extensions, linked to other farm buildings by polygonal mock curtain wall to right and rectangular mock 2-storey gatehouse to left, enclosing a courtyard on 3 sides. Windmill has tapering doorways on 5 levels and small tapering side windows, all in stone surrounds with horizontal scoring. Simple string course at second floor level with traces at first floor. All floors and sails removed, some traces of wooden flooring structure remains and blocked entrance to stairway in thickness of walls. Barn has gable bridge-ramp entrance and slit vents on 3 levels. Some internal alteration including addition of partial floor. Adjoining mock curtain wall has blocked segmental arch with flanking cross vents and battlemented parapet. Gatehouse has segmental archway providing passage to enclosed yard under cross and lancet vents under stepped battlemented parapets. Lower cow sheds linking with windmill range, have a series of segmental arches under a monopitch roof retaining original roof structure. Immediately to south west and formerly attached, large stone built raised stack yard surrounded by c.45 arched openings identified as "stacks" on a plan of 1808. Forms part of a model farm. John Christian Curwen said in his presidential address to the Workington Agriculural Society, 1809, "the choice was between a fire engine and a windmill. The expense was nearly equal. The fire engine the more certain but the more dangerous. This decided me in favour of the windmill. I can by this machine dress in two hours as much or more than employed four horses a whole day and I expect to thresh only on wet days when I have no other work ... the expense has been very considerable and perhaps greater than was necessary. The machine is well constructed and calculated to perform a great deal of business and does credit to the architect, Mr Dunn of Coldstream." See Transactions Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, new series, lxxii, pp133-136. Sources: Plan of Schoose Farm from a survey by L Cash, 1807 (Helen Thompson Museum Workington). Wade-Martins, S. 2002 The English Model Farm: Building the agricultural Ideal, 1700-1914. English Heritage

Listing NGR: NY0140427985

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
72299
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Other
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 9 Cumbria,

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 18 Nov 2002
Reference: IOE01/09402/26
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr Gordon Furness. Source Historic England Archive
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