Heritage Category: Listed Building

Grade: I

List Entry Number: 1386904

Date first listed: 30-Oct-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Mar-1999



Ordnance survey map of THE SQUARE TOWER
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: City of Portsmouth (Unitary Authority)

National Grid Reference: SZ 63076 99247


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



SZ6399 BROAD STREET, The Point 774-1/12/458 (West side) 30/10/69 The Square Tower (Formerly Listed as: BROAD STREET, The Point Square Tower Kings Stairs Sallyport 18 Gun Battery Round Tower Flanking Battery)


The Square Tower fortification and Governor's residence, now museum. c1494, extensively altered to form a powder magazine c1580 and then the Admiralty Victualling store c1780, reinstated as part of the fortifications mid C19; restored 1978-1985. Stone and brick. Flat stone paved roof with 3 restored mid C19 gun races facing south-west. EXTERIOR: south-west part 1 storey and north-east part 2 storeys. 2 bays. Main entrance facing south-east within enclosed yard has on right a 2-leaf late C20 copy of the original C18 doors with lower panels and vertical iron bars to upper panels set under a segmental stone arch with rusticated voussoirs and jambs. On first floor is a mid C18 2-leaf 20-pane casement. To left at saluting platform level is a late C20 boarded door leading to roof area and to late C20 visitors' viewing balcony. North-west facade has on left a late C20 boarded door set within C15 opening. On right is an C18 2-leaf casement set within C15 opening and further right is a late C20 replica of the original C18 panelled door with vertical iron bars to top panel. First floor has on left a mid C19 2-leaf 4-pane casement and on far right a late C20 glazed infill. On north-east side facing Broad Street is a niche edged with a wreath. This contains a late C20 copy of a gilded lead bust of Charles I by Hubrecht le Sueur (original restored and now deposited in the City Museum). Below are the Royal Arms on a small bracket and the inscription reads "After his travels through all France into Spain and having passed very many dangers both by sea and land he arrived here the 5th day of October 1623". INTERIOR: the late C20 restoration has uncovered Tudor features including two fireplaces and C18 features which include a stone stairway on north-east side running from ground to former basement. (Berridge DW: Restoration of Square Tower, Old Portsmouth, 1985: Portsmouth: 1985-; Balfour A: Portsmouth: London: 1970-: 15; Corney A: Fortifications in Old Portsmouth: Portsmouth:

1965-: 15, 16, 17; Lloyd DW: Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs: Portsmouth: 1974-: 55, 57, 58 AND 59).

Listing NGR: SZ6292699463


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 474317

Legacy System: LBS


Books and journals
Balfour, A, Portsmouth, (1970), 15
Berridge, D W, Restoration of Square Tower, (1985)
Corney, A , Fortifications in Old Portsmouth, (1965), 15-17
Lloyd, D W , Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs, (1974)

End of official listing