War Memorial outside St Andrew's Church,
List Entry Summary
This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
Name: War Memorial outside St Andrew's Church,
List entry Number: 1434044
The churchyard, St Andrew's Church, St Andrew's Place, Penrith, Cumbria, CA11 7AU
The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District Type: District Authority
Parish: Non Civil Parish
National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.
Date first listed: 24-Jun-2016
Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Summary of Building
First World War memorial.
Reasons for Designation
The war memorial cross at St Andrew’s church, Penrith, which stands in the churchyard, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the First World War; * Architectural interest: an ornately carved Celtic cross; * Group value: with the Church of St Andrew (Grade I), a number of listed buildings enclosing the churchyard, and listed and scheduled churchyard monuments including The Giant’s Thumb Anglian High Cross.
In June 1919 the Vestry of St Andrew’s Church agreed to erect a marble tablet in the church commemorating the names of 165 men and one woman from Penrith who had died in the First World War. At some point a complimentary churchyard cross was also erected, possibly before the civic memorial at Castle Park was finalised and dedicated in 1923.
The memorial stands in the churchyard of the church of St Andrew (Grade I), to the west of the church and in close proximity to a number of listed structures and scheduled churchyard monuments. It comprises a tall sandstone cross with a small wheel-head, standing on a small stepped pedestal.
The front face of the cross is decorated with ornate carved motifs including interlace on the cross head and a vine entwined around the cross of St Andrew on the shaft. At the base of the shaft the principal dedicatory inscription reads IN PROUD AND/ GRATEFUL/ MEMORY/ OF THE MEN OF/ PENRITH/ WHO GAVE/ THEIR LIVES/ IN THE WAR/ 1914-1918.
The rear face of the cross head is similarly decorated, whilst the carving on the cross shaft is a complicated interlace pattern worked around a Latin cross. Carved below this ornament is AS DYING/ AND BEHOLD/ WE LIVE.
This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 2 February 2017.
War Memorials Online, accessed 2 February 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/162767
War Memorials Register, accessed 02/03/2016 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/3066
National Grid Reference: NY5160930142
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jul-2018 at 02:51:08.
End of official listing