This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

War Memorial outside St Andrew's Church,

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: War Memorial outside St Andrew's Church,

List entry Number: 1434044

Location

The churchyard, St Andrew's Church, St Andrew's Place, Penrith, Cumbria, CA11 7AU

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Non Civil Parish

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 24-Jun-2016

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

First World War memorial.

Reasons for Designation

The war memorial cross at St Andrew’s church, Penrith, which stands in the churchyard, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the First World War; * Architectural interest: an ornately carved Celtic cross; * Group value: with the Church of St Andrew (Grade I), a number of listed buildings enclosing the churchyard, and listed and scheduled churchyard monuments including The Giant’s Thumb Anglian High Cross.

History

In June 1919 the Vestry of St Andrew’s Church agreed to erect a marble tablet in the church commemorating the names of 165 men and one woman from Penrith who had died in the First World War. At some point a complimentary churchyard cross was also erected, possibly before the civic memorial at Castle Park was finalised and dedicated in 1923.

Details

The memorial stands in the churchyard of the church of St Andrew (Grade I), to the west of the church and in close proximity to a number of listed structures and scheduled churchyard monuments. It comprises a tall sandstone cross with a small wheel-head, standing on a small stepped pedestal.

The front face of the cross is decorated with ornate carved motifs including interlace on the cross head and a vine entwined around the cross of St Andrew on the shaft. At the base of the shaft the principal dedicatory inscription reads IN PROUD AND/ GRATEFUL/ MEMORY/ OF THE MEN OF/ PENRITH/ WHO GAVE/ THEIR LIVES/ IN THE WAR/ 1914-1918.

The rear face of the cross head is similarly decorated, whilst the carving on the cross shaft is a complicated interlace pattern worked around a Latin cross. Carved below this ornament is AS DYING/ AND BEHOLD/ WE LIVE.



This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 2 February 2017.

Selected Sources

Websites
War Memorials Online, accessed 2 February 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/162767
War Memorials Register, accessed 02/03/2016 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/3066

National Grid Reference: NY5160930142

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1434044 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 01:17:09.

End of official listing