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Lathom War Memorial

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: Lathom War Memorial

List entry Number: 1438961

Location

Outside Preston Lodge, Hall Lane, Lathom, Ormskirk, L40 5UN

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: West Lancashire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lathom

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 17-Oct-2016

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

First World War memorial, unveiled 1923, with further names added after the Second World War.

Reasons for Designation

Lathom War Memorial is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made in the conflicts of the C20; * Architectural interest: a simple yet dignified Latin cross; * Group value: with Preston lodges (Grade II) and the Rookery (Grade II).

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England, both as a result of the huge impact the loss of three quarters of a million British lives had on communities and the official policy of not repatriating the dead, which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at Lathom as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by 19 members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

The memorial was provided by the Earl of Lathom and commemorates those who attended Lathom Chapel, or lived on the Lathom Park Estate.

The Lathom Park Estate played a key role in the British war effort during the First World War as a Remount Depot. Lathom offered his land so that horses and mules could be prepared for their duties at the front line. Horses came to West Lancashire from all over the world, through the Port of Liverpool and travelled to Ormskirk by rail. After unloading they were ‘drove on the hoof’ through the country lanes to Lathom. Set out originally as a civilian establishment, with an ‘army’ emphasis on the layout, the park was divided into ‘squadrons’ of 500 horses, each with its own superintendents, foremen and 150 grooms. The War Office statistics indicate that between September 1914 and November 1917, 215,000 horses and mules passed through Lathom Park.

The memorial was unveiled in 1923.

Following the Second World War, the names of those who lost their lives in that conflict were also added.

Details

MATERIALS: sandstone.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial comprises a 0.80m high Latin cross with a plain square tapering chamfered shaft, set on a 1.6m tall square, inscribed, tapering and chamfered, two-stage plinth. This stands on a stone base of two square steps.

The eastern face of the plinth features the main incised painted inscription which reads 1914 – 1918 / TO THE GLORIOUS / MEMORY OF "THESE" / WHO DIED IN MANY LANDS / THAT WE MIGHT LIVE HERE / IN PEACE./ (NAMES)

On the lower, stepped section of the plinth is an incised painted inscription which reads PASS FRIEND, ALL'S WELL.

The southern face features an incised painted inscription of the names of those who fell in the Second World War, preceded by 1939 – 1945 / ALSO THESE WHO GAVE / THEIR LIVES.



This List entry has been amended to add the source for War Memorials Online. This source was not used in the compilation of this List entry but is added here as a guide for further reading, 2 February 2017.

Selected Sources

Websites
Lathom and Burscough Military Heritage Society, accessed 8 April 2016 from http://lbmhs.co.uk/remount-history
War Memorials Online, accessed 2 February 2017 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/173709
War Memorials Register, accessed 21 July 2016 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/3404

National Grid Reference: SD4551009746

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing