Shillington War Memorial

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1460042
Date first listed:
31-Jan-2019
Statutory Address:
Memorial Garden adjacent to Village Hall, High Road, Shillington, Bedfordshire, SG5 3LL

Map

Ordnance survey map of Shillington War Memorial
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Location

Statutory Address:
Memorial Garden adjacent to Village Hall, High Road, Shillington, Bedfordshire, SG5 3LL

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Central Bedfordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Shillington
National Grid Reference:
TL1273534134

Summary

First World War memorial, 1922, with later additions for the Second World War.

Reasons for Designation

Shillington War Memorial, which stands in the Memorial Garden adjacent to the village hall on High Road, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it has made in the conflicts of the C20.

Architectural interest:

* as an elegant and well-executed Portland stone cross with carved decorative details.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at Shillington as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by 26 members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.

The memorial, which stands on land given by Mrs Handscombe, cost some £200 to build and was unveiled in August 1922 by M G Townley, who was Member of Parliament for Mid Bedfordshire. The memorial stands on a paved area set within a grassed memorial garden. A short pathway leads to the memorial from an entrance gate.

Following the Second World War, the principal inscription panel on the memorial was re-cut to include the names of the seven fallen of that conflict. This additional inscription was unveiled by Horace Haynes, who had been a Prisoner of War in Japan, at a service on Remembrance Day in 1946.

Repairs to the memorial have taken place in the 1980s and in 2009 a stone wedge bearing the name of a soldier who died in the Second World War was installed at the foot of the memorial.

Details

First World War memorial, 1922, with later additions for the Second World War.

MATERIALS: Portland stone.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial is located in the Memorial Garden on High Road adjacent to the village hall. It comprises a wheel-head Celtic cross with central boss and relief-carved knot work on the head. It is set upon a tapering shaft which rises from a plinth on a square base. The names and inscriptions are set in recessed panels on three sides of the plinth with the lettering in black.

The west face of the plinth bears the inscription IN GRATEFUL MEMORY OF/ THE MEN OF SHILLINGTON/ WHO FOUGHT AND DIED FOR/ THEIR KING AND COUNTRY/ DURING THE GREAT WARS/ 1914 – 1918/ 1939 – 1945/ followed by the names of the fallen from the Second World War. On the north and south faces of the plinth are recorded the names of the First World War fallen. An inclined stone block bearing one name from the Second World War abuts the west side of the base of the memorial.

Sources

Websites
Roll of Honour, accessed 17 August 2017 from www.roll-of-honour.com/Bedfordshire/ShillingtonVillageRollofHonour.html
War Memorial Register, accessed 17 August 2017 from http://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/1663
War Memorials Online, accessed 17 August 2017 from http://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/node/120871
Other
“Memorial Tablet Unveiled”, Bedfordshire Times and Independent, (15 November 1946), p10
“Shillington War Memorial”, Bedfordshire Times and Independent, (25 August 1922), p2
“Shillington’s War Memorial”, Biggleswade Chronicle, (25 August 1922), p3

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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