St Thomas-on-the-Bourne War Memorial

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II
List Entry Number:
1466297
Date first listed:
14-Oct-2019
Statutory Address:
Churchyard of St Thomas On The Bourne, Frensham Road, Farnham, GU9 8HA

Map

Ordnance survey map of St Thomas-on-the-Bourne War Memorial
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Location

Statutory Address:
Churchyard of St Thomas On The Bourne, Frensham Road, Farnham, GU9 8HA

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Surrey
District:
Waverley (District Authority)
Parish:
Farnham
National Grid Reference:
SU8444145518

Summary

War memorial designed by Harold Falkner and unveiled on 22 May 1921.

Reasons for Designation

St Thomas-on-the-Bourne War Memorial, which stands to the south-west of the Church of St Thomas-on-the-Bourne, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:

Historic interest:

* as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on the local community, and the sacrifice it made during the First World War.

Architectural interest:

* an elegantly carved Celtic wheel cross memorial, designed by Harold Falkner.

Group interest:

* with the Church of St Thomas-on-the-Bourne (Grade II).

History

The aftermath of the First World War (1914-1918) saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.

One such memorial was raised at the Church of St Thomas-on-the-Bourne in Farnham as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by 81 members of the local community who lost their lives in the First and Second World Wars.

The memorial was designed by the architect Harold Falkner and carved by E Spargo from Penryn. Harold Falkner (1875-1963) was intimately associated with Farnham, having attended school there and later the Farnham School of Art. As an architect he worked extensively in and around Farnham where he built and remodelled private and public buildings such as Dippenhall Grange and the Bailiff's Hall.

The memorial was unveiled and dedicated on 22 May 1921 by Lieutenant-General Sir Edmond Roche Elles, GCIE, KCB, DL (1848-1934). The names of those who died during the Second World War were later added to the base of the memorial.

In 2014 a grant was used to improve the legibility of the inscriptions and names on the memorial. The memorial was cleaned with water and black enamel paint was used to repaint the raised lead lettering.

Details

A war memorial unveiled in May 1921 designed by Harold Falkner. MATERIALS & PLAN: the war memorial cross is located in the grounds of the Church of St Thomas-on-the-Bourne, to the west of the church. The memorial is carved of Penryn granite.

DESCRIPTION: the memorial is 23 feet tall, it consists of a square two-stepped base and plinth, from which rises a square shaft with a Celtic wheel cross. The cross and shaft is carved on the front (west) face. The carving consists of vine leaves and grapes, with four circular bosses in the centre, top and arms of the cross. On the plinth’s western face is engraved ‘TO THE / GLORY OF GOD / AND IN GRATEFUL MEMORY OF / THESE FROM THE BOURNE PARISH / WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES / FOR THEIR COUNTRY IN THE / GREAT WAR 1914 – 1918’. Under this on the base is engraved ‘AND IN THE / WORLD WAR / 1939 – 1945’. The names of those who fell are inscribed in lead lettering on the other three faces.

Sources

Websites
Imperial War Museum War Memorials Register Bourne Parish WW1, accessed 19 August 2019 from https://www.iwm.org.uk/memorials/item/memorial/51809
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography - Harold Falkner , accessed 17 July 2019 from https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/63133
Surrey in the Great War: Bourne Parish WW1 War Memorial Cross, accessed 19 August 2019 from https://www.surreyinthegreatwar.org.uk/collections/getrecord/SHMEM_W_M_2173
War Memorials Online, Farnham, accessed 19 August 2019 from https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/memorial/140207
War Memorials Trust, St Thomas on the Bourne, accessed 19 August 2019 from http://www.warmemorials.org/search-grants/?gID=1193

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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