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Military War Art

During our work on military bases we regularly discover examples of military wall art. This section illustrates some of these murals and graffiti we have found and offers advice on their recording and conservation.

Military war art

Examples of folk art and casual doodlings by soldiers can be traced back many centuries, ranging from crude representations of ships scratched on walls, to exquisite pieces of scrimshaw fashioned by Napoleonic prisoners of war. More familiar are the cartoons applied to aircraft and flying jackets, especially by American air force personnel during the Second World War.  

Artwork ranging from unit insignia to risqué pin-ups was also commonplace in many airfield messes and crew rooms and examples have been recorded on numerous Second World War and Cold War era bases. This military wall art offers a unique insight into the cultures of different armed forces and the use of space on military bases.  

In semi-public areas for example where authorised visitors have access, paintings are usually restricted to official unit insignia or heroically realistic representations of men and machines reflecting pride in their unit. In technical areas some images are training aids. Privileged behind the scenes access prior to the closure of RAF Coltishall, Norfolk, revealed many murals scattered around the airfield.

RAF Alconbury, Cambridgeshire, painting of a Hercules special operations aircraft.
RAF Alconbury, Cambridgeshire, painting of a Hercules special operations aircraft. © Historic England AA023755

War art on the Home Front

Examples of military wall art also occur in civilian contexts. Sketches and more elaborate murals can be found in air-raid shelters. At Corsham, Wiltshire, the artist Olga Lehmann (1912-2001) was commissioned to paint murals to brighten the walls of the factory’s canteens.

Corsham, Wiltshire, mural of a Stegosaurus-like dinosaur within one of the work’s underground canteens.
Corsham, Wiltshire, mural of a dinosaur within one of the work’s underground canteens © Historic England DP158258

Graffiti and more elaborate paintings can be found in derelict or soon to be demolished structures. It’s important that this social history of military life is recorded before it is lost and in some circumstances conserved.

We have published a book on War Art.

Military Art Image Gallery

Here you can see some of the war art images images captured during our previous research. Please click on the gallery images to enlarge.

  • Fowlmere, Cambridgeshire, mural of the winged badge of the Royal Air Force painted on a farm building in preparation for a Christmas party in 1940.
  • Sayers Croft, Cranleigh, Surrey, a painting by boys at a wartime evacuation centre illustrating their daily life and Father Christmas delivering presents.
  • St John’s School, Redhill, Surrey, murals in the school’s air raid shelter, in the foreground a stylised St George is shown fighting a dragon. © Historic England DP 015688.
  • RAF Coltishall, Norfolk, a painting of a Jaguar aircraft in winter camouflage on a door.
  • RAF Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, United States Air Force shield and eagle badge painted by Steve Wellever in 1991.
  • RAF Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, woman with binoculars painted on the wall of a dormitory.
  • RAF Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, cartoon on the workshop door of the Electronic Warfare Squadron, the cartoon raven references the nickname of the F111 aircraft.
  • RAF Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, painting of a pilot and navigator sat in the cockpit of an F111.
  • RAF Bentwaters, Suffolk, a mural showing a dragon clasping the United Kingdom with A-10 Thunderbolt aircraft buzzing around against the background of the stars and stripes.
  • RAF Bentwaters, Suffolk, a painting of an A-10 Thunderbolt, nicknamed the Warthog, aircraft flying through a mushroom cloud.
  • RAF Bentwater, Suffolk, painting of a Warthog ammunition inspector.
  • RAF Alconbury, Cambridgeshire, painting of ammunition handling personnel insignia.
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