Many military sites are protected as listed buildings or scheduled monuments. Read more about artillery defences and medieval and later fieldworks in our Introduction to Heritage Assets series. You can also find out about the criteria we use to select sites for protection in our military listing and scheduling guides.
We must understand military heritage if we are to manage it effectively so that it can be enjoyed by this and future generations. Historic England has undertaken and commissioned military heritage research since the early 1990s. A report provides a summary of the first decade of activity.
A project is being carried out on two towns closely associated with the military at Gosport and Sheerness to more fully understand how the military has acted to promote and constrain growth. Greater knowledge of their character will contribute to better future development.
Twentieth century Civil Defence structures still require further research. We have summarised our current knowledge on civil defence into a short guide. A report has been completed on emergency railway control centres.
The First World War
To mark the commemorative centennial period of the First World War we will be running a number of projects to reveal the effect of the war on England ’s buildings, countryside, and even off shore.
Working with our partners at the Council for British Archaeology we are encouraging local researchers to share their knowledge of the war in their areas.
The Second World War
We have carried out historical research into Second World War sites such as anti-aircraft gunnery, radar, coast artillery, the bombing decoys and civil defence structures at the National Archives, Kew.
This research has revealed the number and distribution of such sites in England. Books on these themes are being published in partnership with Methuen in their Monuments of War series
During the 1990s, as part of the Heritage Lottery Funded Defence of Britain Project volunteers identified and recorded many anti-invasion defences. Download the report from the Britarch Website.
Following completion of this project we undertook a study of 'defence areas': areas of England where the defence structures remain within a landscape unchanged since construction. You can order the book on the CBA website.
During our recent survey of the Hoo Peninsula in Kent, we made a study of the anti-invasion stop line from Hoo St Werburgh to Higham Marshes.
The Cold War
We have undertaken a national survey of Cold War sites in England and the most significant have been protected. You may read about our research in a fully illustrated book Cold War: Building for Nuclear Confrontation 1946-1989
Over the coming years our priorities include;
- Achieving a greater understanding of the effects of the First World War on England’s buildings and countryside.
- Working with the Ministry of Defence to ensure that significant sites are recognised and protected.
- Investigation to increase understanding of other types of 20th century Military sites.