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The first section of the district line, then known as the Metropolitan District Railway, opened on 24 December 1868, running services between South Kensington to Westminster.
Construction started in March 1865. Under the watch of engineer John Fowler, stations were positioned in the open where possible.
The construction method was called 'Cut-and-cover'. Shallow cuttings were dug along a street which were then roofed over.
At first, services were operated by the Metropolitan Railway using wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives. But by 1871, the District Railway began operating its own trains, and services were extended to West Brompton and Mansion House.
In 1933, all the Capital’s bus, tram and railways operations were brought together under London Transport. In the same year the District Railway became the ‘District line’.
London Transport Museum have enriched the list entry of every listed District Line underground station, adding historical photos and information from their collections.
Listing celebrates a building's special architectural and historic interest so that it can be protected for future generations. The older a building is, and the fewer the surviving examples of its kind, the more likely it is to be listed.
The List has over 400,000 entries: tower blocks and tombstones, barrows and bunkers, palaces and pigsties, plague crosses and piers, cathedrals, windmills and rollercoasters.
Many places on the List are well-known and even world-famous. But in some cases there is much that remains unknown.
Every snapshot and story you can add is an important piece of the picture. And the more pieces of the picture we have, the better we can protect what makes these places special.
Learn about 150 years of history on the District Line (London Transport Museum).
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