Visible in Stone - Women and the built environment

Women's History through Buildings 1850-1950. A partnership project between English Heritage, The Women's Library and the TUC Library Collection at London Metropolitan University.

Researched and written by Dr Cheryl Law.

View of St Thomas’ Hospital across the river
Introduction

The Story of Women through Buildings 1850 to 1950.

A view of the Houses of Parliament from Lambeth
Women's Rights

Women's personal and public struggles to gain equal rights.

Interior view of the hall in Gaskell House, taken from the staircase
Uses and Abuses of ‘Property’

Women's use of domestic space for political ends.

Two women assembling small boxes at a table in an unidentified house in the East End of London
Mary Macarthur and the Sweated Industries

Working women fighting exploitation in the sweated industries.

Restored Victorian schoolroom
Education for Life

The limited educational opportunities for working class girls.

Gym class at West Heath School for Young Ladies
Secondary schooling

The origins of secondary education for middle class girls to gain qualifications and improve their employment possibilities.

Aerial view of Girton College
University

The strategies women used in forging their own route to a university education.

A female shop worker operating a vacuum cleaner
The Fashion for Shopping

The contrasting experience of middle and working class women.

Detail of the signage for J Lyon's Throgmorton Restaurant and street lamp
Personal Freedom and Public Space

How women's freedom to move freely in public was linked to shopping and the development of women only spaces.

Suffragette with ‘Votes for Women’ banner
New Markets

Ways in which the WSPU's political action influenced department store policy and society's reaction against the New Woman's freedom.

St Christopher’s Place, Marylebone, City of Westminster
Housing - Pioneering

Octavia Hill developed a housing theory to tackle the blight of urban slums that influenced housing policy for a century.

View of house through front gate
Women's Housing Association

Women formed housing associations to tackle the problem of lack of accommodation for single working women.

Land girls during the First World War
Architects, Builders and Garden Cities

Despite official barriers to their training as architects women found many ways in which to participate in architectural projects.

Kensal House, Ladbroke Grove
Gaining Recognition

Before the Second World War women were gradually becoming involved as architects in the design of houses.

The Chantry, Mark Hall North, Harlow
Post-War Impact

In the post-war 1940s women architects were involved in some of the most progressive architectural developments in England.

Two people standing on the roof of Dorich House
About the Visible in Stone project

Women's History through Buildings 1850-1950 - partnership project between Historic England, The Women's Library and the TUC Library Collection at LMU.

Shakespeare Memorial Centre (now the Royal Shakespeare Theatre), Stratford-upon-Avon. 1929-32, by Elizabeth Scott.  Listed at Grade II*. NHLE List Entry Number: 1207396.
Celebrating Women Architects

Taking a look at women's contribution to the field of architecture.

Monument to Dame Henrietta Barnett, Central Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb
Biographies