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Terrestrial Remote Sensing

Historic England experts investigate how geophysics and other specialist survey techniques can be used to learn more about heritage assets.

Archaeological remains still buried under the ground can be revealed by geophysical techniques such as magnetometry, resistivity and ground penetrating radar.

Laser scanning and various forms of photogrammetry are used to accurately record in three dimensions buildings, monuments and artefacts. The 3D data is used to create plans, elevations and visualisations to help management, research and illustration.

  • Colour photograph showing a misty landscape with a small buggy towing a low yellow "truck" near the right hand edge

    Geophysical Survey

    Geophysical survey detects past human activity beneath the ground and plays a vital role in the discovery and understanding of archaeological sites.

  • Colour photograph showing a woman in waders walking with a metal frame across a beach with low cliffs in the background

    Geophysical Techniques

    A range of geophysical methods are used in archaeology: magnetometer survey, earth resistance and ground penetrating radar.

  • Colour image showing the outline of a barn in shades of blue and green. Structural elements are visible in a darker blue

    Specialist Survey Techniques

    Historic England use a range of specialist survey techniques (Photogrammetry, SfM and laser scanning etc) as an essential part of any heritage project


Group of people standing on a stony mound
Historic Places Investigation

Research Group